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PSYC 260 (45)
Lara Aknin (16)
Chapter 9-260

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PSYC 260
Lara Aknin

CHAPTER 9 – INTERPERSONAL ATTRACTIONS MAJOR ANTECEDENTS OF ATTRACTION: 1. Proximity:  Propinquity effect – the finding that the more we see and interact with people, the more likely they are to become our friends  Functional distance – certain aspects of architectural design that make it likely that some people will come into contact with each other more often than with others  Mere exposure effect – the finding that the more exposure we have to a stimulus, the more apt we are to like it 2. Similarity – attraction to people who are like us  Complementarity – attraction to people who are opposite to us  Similarity seems to be the strongest in individualistic cultures  Similarity provides us with the feeling that we are right in our views and our thinking  Rewards of interaction explanation – if a person feels the same way we do on important issues, we assume it would be enjoyable to spend time with him or her  Attraction can lead to perceptions of similarity  “Perceived” similarity predicted liking and attraction better than “actual” similarity did 3. Reciprocal liking – when you like someone and that person also likes you  Can make up for the absence of similarity  May come about because of a self-fulfilling prophecy  Can occur only if a person likes himself in the first place 4. Physical attractiveness  Baby face features (large eyes) are thought to be attractive because they elicit feelings of warmth and nurturance in perceivers  Prominent cheek bones is an adult feature that is found as sexually mature  Smiling faces found to be more attractive  Visual point of view may affect what you find most attractive (eg. Perceiver’s height)  High 2D:4D ratio is associated with femininity, whereas low ratio is associated with masculinity  Attractiveness and income are positively correlated  Older men seem to perceive that what is beautiful and younger is good  Attractive individuals are thought to be more socially competent than less attractive ones Misattribution of arousal – the process whereby people make mistaken inferences about what is causing them to feel the way they do KINDS OF LOVE 1. Companionate love – the feelings of intimacy and affection we feel toward someone with whom our lives are deeply intertwined; has no great deal of heat and passion  Found to be the essence of love 2. Passionate love – the feelings of intense longing, accompanied by physiological arousal, we feel for another person; when our love is reciprocated, we feel great fulfillment and ecstasy; but, when it is note, we feel sadness and despair  VTA (ventral tegmental area) – a major “reward” and “motivation” centre of the brain that is activated when in love  induces feelings of pleasure, euphoria, restlessness and loss of appetite GENDER AND LOVE a. Men:  Fall in love more quickly than women and are more likely to endorse romantic beliefs such as “ true love lasts forever”  More likely to report having experienced love at first sight  Gave higher ratings to romantic, passionate love than did women b. Women:  Hold a more practical, friendship-based orientation to love ( a companionate view of love)  Gave higher rating to companionate love than did men CULTURE AND LOVE a. Individualists:  Value passionate love more than people from collectivists cultures  Romantic love is heady, highly personal experience  Marrying for love is most important b. Collectivists:  The individual in love must take into account the wishes of family and other group members (marriage arrangements)  Familial relationships play an important role in the choice of romantic partners
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