Textbook Notes (368,192)
Canada (161,707)
Psychology (935)
PSYC 260 (45)
Lara Aknin (16)
Chapter 9-260

CHAPTER 9-260.docx

3 Pages
131 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 260
Professor
Lara Aknin
Semester
Fall

Description
CHAPTER 9 – INTERPERSONAL ATTRACTIONS MAJOR ANTECEDENTS OF ATTRACTION: 1. Proximity:  Propinquity effect – the finding that the more we see and interact with people, the more likely they are to become our friends  Functional distance – certain aspects of architectural design that make it likely that some people will come into contact with each other more often than with others  Mere exposure effect – the finding that the more exposure we have to a stimulus, the more apt we are to like it 2. Similarity – attraction to people who are like us  Complementarity – attraction to people who are opposite to us  Similarity seems to be the strongest in individualistic cultures  Similarity provides us with the feeling that we are right in our views and our thinking  Rewards of interaction explanation – if a person feels the same way we do on important issues, we assume it would be enjoyable to spend time with him or her  Attraction can lead to perceptions of similarity  “Perceived” similarity predicted liking and attraction better than “actual” similarity did 3. Reciprocal liking – when you like someone and that person also likes you  Can make up for the absence of similarity  May come about because of a self-fulfilling prophecy  Can occur only if a person likes himself in the first place 4. Physical attractiveness  Baby face features (large eyes) are thought to be attractive because they elicit feelings of warmth and nurturance in perceivers  Prominent cheek bones is an adult feature that is found as sexually mature  Smiling faces found to be more attractive  Visual point of view may affect what you find most attractive (eg. Perceiver’s height)  High 2D:4D ratio is associated with femininity, whereas low ratio is associated with masculinity  Attractiveness and income are positively correlated  Older men seem to perceive that what is beautiful and younger is good  Attractive individuals are thought to be more socially competent than less attractive ones Misattribution of arousal – the process whereby people make mistaken inferences about what is causing them to feel the way they do KINDS OF LOVE 1. Companionate love – the feelings of intimacy and affection we feel toward someone with whom our lives are deeply intertwined; has no great deal of heat and passion  Found to be the essence of love 2. Passionate love – the feelings of intense longing, accompanied by physiological arousal, we feel for another person; when our love is reciprocated, we feel great fulfillment and ecstasy; but, when it is note, we feel sadness and despair  VTA (ventral tegmental area) – a major “reward” and “motivation” centre of the brain that is activated when in love  induces feelings of pleasure, euphoria, restlessness and loss of appetite GENDER AND LOVE a. Men:  Fall in love more quickly than women and are more likely to endorse romantic beliefs such as “ true love lasts forever”  More likely to report having experienced love at first sight  Gave higher ratings to romantic, passionate love than did women b. Women:  Hold a more practical, friendship-based orientation to love ( a companionate view of love)  Gave higher rating to companionate love than did men CULTURE AND LOVE a. Individualists:  Value passionate love more than people from collectivists cultures  Romantic love is heady, highly personal experience  Marrying for love is most important b. Collectivists:  The individual in love must take into account the wishes of family and other group members (marriage arrangements)  Familial relationships play an important role in the choice of romantic partners
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 260

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit