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PSYC 260 (45)
Lara Aknin (16)
Chapter 10

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 260
Professor
Lara Aknin
Semester
Fall

Description
CHAPTER 10 – PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR Prosocial behavior - any act performed with the foal of benefiting another person Altruism - The desire to help others, even if it involves a cost to the helper 3 REASONS WHY PEOPLE HELP: 1. Kin selection - the idea that behavior that helps a genetic relative is favored by natural selection 2. Norm of reciprocity - The expectation that helping others will increase the likelihood that they will help us in the future 3. The ability to learn and follow social norms Empathy – the ability to experience events and emotions the way another person experiences them  Said to be the pure motive for helping altruistically  Batson’s empathy-altruism hypothesis – the idea that when we feel empathy for a person we will attempt to help him or her purely for altruistic reason, regardless of what we have to gain 3 BASIC MOTIVES UNDERLYING PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR 1. Helping is an instinctive reaction to promote the welfare of those genetically similar to us. 2. The rewards of helping often outweigh the costs, so helping is in our self-interest. 3. Unger some conditions powerful feelings of empathy for others prompt selfless giving (empathy- altruism hypothesis) PERSONAL DETERMINANT OF PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR Altruistic personality – aspects of a person’s makeup that cause him or her to help others in a wide variety of situation a) Gender differences:  Women are more likely to help when the situation involves nurturance and commitment. They also provide more practical help to king than did men.  Men are more likely to help in situations that requires bravery or masculinity (hazardous circumstances) b) Socioeconomic status:  Low SES people are more likely to help than high SES people.  However, priming high SES people with compassion made them as helpful as low SES people c) Culture:  In-group – the group with which an individual identifies, and of which he or she feels a member 1.People are more likely to help someone they define as a member of their in-group 2.People tend to feel more empathy for in-group members which leads to increased helping  Out-group – a group with which the individual does not identify - People are less likely to help someone they perceive to be a member of an out-group d) Mood:  Positive moods – feel good, do good; people are more likely to help when they are in a good mood 1. Good mood makes us look on the bright side of life. (eg. Seeing
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