Textbook Notes (368,125)
Canada (161,663)
Psychology (934)
PSYC 268 (42)
Chapter

week 7 Reading Notes

5 Pages
168 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 268
Professor
Deborah Connolly
Semester
Winter

Description
PSYC 268 – Fall 2012 Week 7 Book Readings: Chapter 4 pp. 104-114; Chapter 10 pp. 269- 274, 287-294 CHAPTER 4: FORENSIC TREATMENT MENTAL DISORDER AS A SECONDARY FOCUS OF INTERVENTION - This group includes offenders who have mental illnesses, sometimes referred to as MDO (mentally disordered offenders), sexual offenders, offenders who are at high risk for violence Mentally Disordered Offenders - Prevalence of Mental Illness in Jails and Prisons – rates of mental illness in the offender population can range from less than 6% to over 60% o 10% suffer from psychotic disorders o Between 15% and 40% suffer from depression, anxiety, etc o 90% suffer from substance use disorders or personality disorders - Distinction between Jails and Prisons – differ in the populations they serve, type of treatments offered to inmates o Jails – short-term facilities that house offenders that have been charged (but not yet convicted) with a crime; may also house offenders who have convicted and have a short sentence (typically less than a year)  Greater proportion of MDOs found here; less treatment options because offenders have shorter stays and are less able to engage in long-term treatment o Prisons – houses inmates who have been convicted and for whom a sentence of more than a year has been received - Jail Mental Health Services o Areas of emphasis were the identification of problems, and dispensing of medication o Drug and alcohol services were available in majority of the jails o Psychological counseling was available in less than half of the jails surveyed - Prison Mental Health Services o Most common form of treatment is the administration of psychotropic medication o Behavioral or cognitive-behavioral treatment is also popular o Special prisons i.e. maximum-security hospitals or special sections of regular prisons specifically target the needs of MDOs  Usually house offenders who have the most serious and chronic mental disorders and employ staff who have been specially trained to deal with the needs of these offenders - Goals of Treatment: (1) Reduction of symptoms of the mental illnesses, (2) Reduction of criminal recidivism o Targeted Areas: active psychotic symptoms, aggression and problems of institutional adjustment, criminal propensity, depression, life skills deficit, social withdrawal, substance abuse - Treatment Programs for MDOs o Behaviorally oriented treatments – to change their behavior o Skills training – to improve social and life skills o Pharmacological treatment – reduce symptoms of mental illness Sexual Offenders - Treatment Programs o Nonbehavioral Psychotherapy o Pharmacological – proven to be effective for reducing the sex drive of sexual offenders  High motivation can replace medication o Behavioral or Cognitive-behavioral Therapy  Goal: normalization of deviant sexual preferences  Training in social competence is a key component of effective treatment programs  Case management and community follow-up is an important component of their continued treatment and success Offenders at High Risk for Violence - Mental Disorder and Violence o In samples of nonoffender community, research suggests that psychotic symptoms and substance abuse or dependence are important risk factors for violence o In samples of criminal offenders, diagnoses of personality disorders (especially Antisocial Personality Disorder and Psychopathy) and substance abuse has been linked to violent behavior - Treatment of Violent Offenders o Most effective treatment target the specific needs of the particular offender o Personality Disorders – dialectical behavior therapy o Substance Abuse – Relapse Prevention Training o Three Guidelines for the treatment of violent offenders  Risk – more intensive services should be provided to higher-risk cases  Needs – should target criminogenic needs i.e. personal characteristics that contribute to the commission of crime • Target: antisocial attitudes, aggression, substance abuse, self-control • Inappropriate targets: self-esteem, intrapsychic forces, etc  Style of Treatment – behavioral or cognitive-behavioral treatments have been seen to be the most effective so far RECIDIVISM AND REHABILITATION AS THE FOCUS OF INTERVENTION General Recidivism and Rehabilitation History - Before the 1970s, the preeminent philosophy in corrections was rehabilitation, rather than punishment Treatment Programs for Substance Abuse - Most empirical support: Behavioral or cognitive-behavioral treatments, including behavior contracting, social skills training, relapse prevention - Least empirical support: Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), education, lectures COMMUNITY-BASED TREATMENT - Three Key Features for successful monitoring and treatment of individuals on parole or probation: o Centralized responsibility wherein one decision maker or body has primary authority and responsibility over and responsibility for these individuals o A uniform system of treatment and supervision o A network of community services - Intensive follow-up and monitoring is are crucial for the maintenance of behavior change - The most effective treatment is that which occurs in the least restrictive environment o Community: calls into play a delicate balance among the rights of the individual, the need for treatment, and the safety of the community - Clear conditions of parole or probation are important o Medication compliance, attendance at scheduled sessions with therapists and case managers, abstinence from drugs or alcohol, stool/urine sample, no weapons, housing, etc CHAPTER 10: CORRECTIONAL PSYCHOLOGY Correctional Psychology – the application of psychological theory and research to the correctional system CORRECTIONAL PSYCHOLOGY IN THE UNITED STATES Corrections System – responsible for supervising people who have been arrested for, charged with, or convicted with criminal offenses Three Major Forms of Community Supervision - Bail – also known as pretrial release o Those arrested for or charged with criminal offense and are released into the community to await trial OR for people who have been convicted and are awaiting sentencing o Term of bail is often open-ended, and may last many months o May be granted bail based solely on the promise to attend court as directed OR may be asked to guarantee attendance at court by putting up a bond or
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 268

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit