Psych 357 ch 8 (personality and patterns of coping: personality generally means unobservable influence on our outward behaviour, hippocrates (greek) developed notion that there were 4 basic temperaments/dispositions. Therapy not of value ot over 50 b/c personality rigidly set and unchangeable. Said much of personality hidden in unconscious with conscious tup of iceberg. Ultimate goal of dev to love and work, live everyday life w/o conflict. Maturity and healthy use of defense mechanisms in ppl who have resolved childhood conflicts: ego psychology: Freud said ego w/o independent role in personality (served desires of id) To other theorists tho ego is equivalent to conscious mind (performing integration, anaylsis and synthesis of thought) Ego psychology says ego plays central role in actively directing behaviour. Tho women increased in qualities of assurance, indep and self ctrl and decrease on scale measuring how feminine they felt. Findings taken to suggest increased personality integration and movement in middle adulthood to becoming positive contributor to society.