Textbook Notes (362,882)
Canada (158,081)
Psychology (900)
PSYC 357 (50)

ch 7 language, problem solving, intelligence - Textbook notes and definition

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Simon Fraser University
PSYC 357
Wendy Loken Thornton

Language Problem Solving IntelligenceLanguageAverage old person dont loss ability to use normal speaking condition Basic ability to read conversation writeintact Read slower vs younger changes in hearing and speech perceptioncan affect ability to comprehend spoken language work hard to make out what people are saying Written languagemay experience deficit sin retrievalspelling errors for words once knewbecome simpler in both expression of ideas and use of grammatical complexity Speak in simpler sentences when compose sentences after sentencedemand of WMCan use to compensate for other cognitive changes that affect ability to produceunderstand speechMost retain ability to understand wordsgraspremember descriptions provided in languagecan use strategies effectively to maximize comprehension of written textput together structure of sentence with speakers emphasisOLDchange how use language sociallytendency to reminisce with others about experiences from pastpolishrefine storytelling by time reminiscences have been practicedrehearsedstoriesconsiderable impact on listenertell same one over and overReminiscences about pastfunctionsolidify relationships and build shared identities with others from their generationenhancestrength relationships with long time friends and family young may be annoyed at repetitivefocus speech of pastOldmay speak moreoff topic especially when giving instructions about how to perform an action Intergenerational communicationworse if OLD focus on their disabilitieshealth limitationstalk about topic which listener have no interestuncomfortablemay isolate OLDElderspeakSimplified speech pattern directed at older adults who presumably are unable to understand adult language similar to how talk to babiesleaven out complex words or talking in patronizing or condescending tone of voiceYoung people do this because conscious or not equate OLDfrailer adult as equal in status to childoffer unnecessary help make personal comments about clothes or appearance talk in short simple sentenceex Older adult referred to as cute honey or sweetieCommunication Use of patronizing speech elderspeak constrains older person from predicament being able to participate fully in conversations with othersmodelOLDthought of as mentally incapacitatedleading young to speak to them in simplified mannerovertimeeffect of reducing OLD actual ability to use languagefail to encourage independent behaviours in OLDfurther spiralling down of abilitiesPart of larger phenomenon infantilizaitonolder person loses incentive to attempt to regain selfefficiency in basic activities of daily lifeProblem Involves assessing current situation deciding on desired endstate find solvingways transforming current into desired statefinalevaluate outcome of solution to determine efficacy Psychologistidentifying types of problems and stages involved to approach and resolve themIf problem lack clear goalssteps must be followeddifficultincreased cognitive burden Ex Old personhigh tech gadgetsneed instruction manualbig problem instructions may be conflictingambiguousalso cooking Everyday Involving problems that typically occur in peoples everyday lives that
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 357

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.