Textbook Notes (363,556)
Canada (158,423)
Psychology (900)
PSYC 357 (50)

ch 14 successful aging

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Simon Fraser University
PSYC 357
Wendy Loken Thornton

Successful AgingSuccessful Term to reflect ability of an older person to adapt to aging processaging Many factors contribute apply to 13 OLDInvolves additional quality of enhancing healthy spiritsense of joy in life seen in OLD who transcend physical limitations they encounter not dieSynonymous with mental healthqualities thought to be desirable for optimal adaption ex positive outlook greater self understandingpart of successful agingthese qualities achieved in later adulthoodClosely related to subjective wellbeingMore than maintaining positive outlook of lifeBuilding on 3 fold model of successful aging MacArthuradditional elements involving multiple dimensions of functioning including adaptive processes that allow OLD to compensate effectively for variety of challenges to mental and physical healthSocial element to idea of engaged in lifeinclude social support especially from family3 components also reinforce each otherex feel uselesssuffer more cognitive deficitsmore likely dieSocial Propose demographic and social structural variables account for individual differences indicator in level of wellbeing ex age gender marital status incomemodelDemographic standards for OLDdisadvantaged position therefore should be less happy vs young therefore when OLD able to avoid becoming depressed by poor health widowhood low income then that person deserve some kind of special recognitionReason that successful ager thought of as exception rather than rule Set point Extravertsadvantage over introverts according to this viewhigh on trait of perspectiveextraversiontend view world in more positive light regardless of their actual circumstancespossible extraverted people because of nature have more success in dealings with others and therefore stronger objective basis for their optimismStudy US veteransmen high in extraversion tended have consistently high life satisfaction throughout their adult yearsHigh self esteem in childhoodseems play protective role in that children high in esteem tend have higher esteem throughout livesParadox of Despite objective difficultiespeople in later life feel good about themselves and their well beingsituations OLD maintain high subjective wellbeing despite facing challenges from their objective circumstances even if live in less than ideal physical settings or experiencing negative life eventsFindings everywhere support positive image of aging as time of increased feelings satisfactionBut there are connections between object social indictors and subjective wellbeingOLD show positive associations between feelings of wellbeing and personal resources including physical functioning and adequacy of financial supportEducation levelpredicts high level of physical and cognitive functioning2 components of successful agingpredict high levels of subjective well beingAdvantages of higher educational levels and income in terms of health statusmoney and status cant guarantee happiness but can help resolve many additional problems associated with lower standard of livingLow SES related to depression and poorer health related statusstrong positive linear relations between income and life satisfactionAdaptation Aka Habituationtheorized psychological mechanisms that people may use to maintain high well being in face of objectively negative circumstancesLearn to live at certain level of health income or discomfort in their situations as they adjust their daily lives to fit constraints presented to thempeople living in poverty or in poor health are able to achieve high well being despite life challengesExtent to which peoples experiences are consistent with their goalsanother basis for subjective well beingable to achievemake progress toward reaching goals feel better about selves and experiencesmore satisfied with their objective situations in life if see these as potentially contributing to achievement of their goals
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 357

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.