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PSYC 362 (7)

Interdependency by Miller, et. al (2007)

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Simon Fraser University
PSYC 362
Kim Bartholomew

PSYC 362 Week 4 Readings Interdependency By: Miller, Perlman, Brehm (2007) Social Exchange - We stay with partners who provide sufficient profit - Rewards and costs – we seek interactions that provide maximum reward at minimum cost o Rewards – anything within an interaction that is desirable and welcome and that brings enjoyment or fulfillment to the recipient  Gratifying experiences and commodities we obtain through our contact with others o Costs – punishing, undesirable experiences  Some of the most important costs of an intimate relationship are psychological burdens (where is the relationship headed, insecurities, imperfections, ball and chain feeling) o Net profit or loss: Outcome = rewards – costs - Asserts that people want the best possible outcomes Criteria with which we evaluate the outcomes we receive 1. What we expect from our relationships o Comparison level (CL) –describes the value of the outcomes that we believe we deserve in our dealings with others  Based on our past experiences • High CL’s – from good experiences in relationships; they feel they deserve very good outcomes • Low CL’s – have had trouble in relationships; likely to expect less  Represents his or her neutral point on a continuum that ranges from misery to static delight  You may not be happy if the reward isn’t big enough to meet your expectations  Satisfaction derives from how our outcomes compare to our comparison level  Outcomes – CL = Satisfaction or Dissatisfaction 2. How well could we do elsewhere? o Comparison level for alternatives (CL )altcould we be doing even better somewhere else?  Describes the outcomes we can receive by leaving our current relationship and moving to the best alternative partnerships or situations we have available  CL altthe lowest level of outcome we will tolerate from our present partners  Even if we are dissatisfied with our current relationship, if we have no other alternative, we may stay  Determines our dependence on our relationships – if we are doing as well as we possibly can with our present partners, then we are unlikely to leave them  The greater the gap between our current outcomes and poorer alternatives, the more dependent we are  Investment also affect the decision to stay or go • i.e. children, furniture, respect of in-laws, love, etc  desi
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