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Week 9 Reading Notes

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PSYC 362
Kim Bartholomew

PSYC 362 Week 10 Reading Notes Granting Forgiveness or Harboring Grudges: Implications for Emotion, Physiology, and Health by Witvliet, Ludwig, and Laan - Forgiving thoughts prompted greater perceived control and comparatively lower physiological stress responses - Chronic unforgiving responses may erode health whereas forgiving responses my enhance it - Unforgiving responses – rehearsing the hurt, harboring a grudge - Forgiving responses – developing feelings of empathy, granting forgiveness - Participants felt significantly more negative, aroused, angry, and sad and less in control during the unforgiving condition than the forgiving condition Forgiveness: Integral to a Science of Close Relationships by F. Fincham - Conceptualizing Forgiveness o Forgiveness – the idea of a freely chosen motivation transformation in which the desire to seek revenge and to avoid contact with the transgressor is overcome o Forgiveness as the forswearing of resentment toward the wrongdoer o Forgiveness is different forgiving – “forgive and forget” is misleading because forgiveness is possible only in the face of a remembered wrong o Nietzche (1887) thought forgiveness was a sign of weakness o In a relationship context, forgiveness needs to be distinguished from reconciliation – forgiveness and motivational change occurs largely at an intraindividual level - Operationalizing Forgiveness o The reduction of negative motivational tendencies toward the transgressor o Transgressional-Related Interpersonal Motivation (TRIM) – assess the motivation to seek motivation an avoid the offender o Dissipation-Rumination Scale (Caprara, 1986) – developed to study aggression o Transgression Narrative Test of Forgiveness – developed to assess dispositional forgiveness - Relationship Satisfaction o Positive association between relationship satisfaction and forgiveness – this relationship is bidirectional o Forgiveness led to a smaller decline in satisfaction over time and less forgiveness led to a greater reduction in satisfaction, but only for spouses married to partners who infrequently engaged in negative behavior o Relationship satisfaction also appears to influence documented differences between victim and perpetrator perspectives on transgr
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