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Chapter 2

PSYC 370 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Sigmund Freud, Oedipus Complex, Reaction Formation


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 370
Professor
Brianne Layden
Chapter
2

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Chapter 2 psy 370:
The early life of Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
2.1a The early years
Freud felt a passionate, even sexual attachment to his mother, a relationship that set
the stage for his concept of the Oedipus complex. As we can see, much of Freud;s
theory reflected and built on his own experiences as a child.
Freud’s characteristics were a high degree of self-confidence, intense ambition to
succeed, and glory and fame, Freud felt jealous his tow halfbrother whe his mother
attention for them.
Some Freudian defense mechanisms:
Repression
defense mechanism that involves unconscious rejection of the existence of something that
causes anxiety
Denial
defense mechanism that involves refuting the existence of an external threat or traumatic
event
Reaction formation
defense mechanism that involves expressing an id impulse that is opposite of the true
impulse
Projection
defense mechanism that involves attributing a disturbing impulse to someone else
Regression
defense mechanism that involves retreating to an earlier, less frustrating period of life
Rationalization
defense mechanism that involves reinterpreting our behavior to make it more acceptable to
us
Displacement
defense mechanism that involves shifting id impulses from a threatening object to a less-
threatening object
Sublimation
defense mechanism that involves altering id impulses by diverting instinctual energy into
socially acceptable behaviors
life instincts
drive for ensuring survival of the individual and the species by satisfying basic needs
libido
form of psychic energy that drives a person toward pleasurable behaviors and thoughts
cathexis
investment of psychic energy in an object or person
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