Textbook Notes (369,067)
Canada (162,366)
Psychology (935)
PSYC 370 (60)
Robert Ley (46)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Personality Theory

2 Pages

Course Code
PSYC 370
Robert Ley

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PSYC 370: PERSONALITY THEORY Book Notes. Chapter 1: Personality Theory Definition of Personality - Dynamic organization within an individual of those psychological systems that determine his characteristic behavior and thought (Allport) - Psychoanalytic theory: configuration of traits. But it stands as athe organization of inner conflicts rather than their resolution (Gay) - Study of the phenomena that occur in interpersonal situations, in configurations made up of two ot more people all but one of whom may be more or less completely illusory (Sullivan) - That which permits a prediction of what a person will do in a given situation (Cattell) - A device for representing a functionally unified system of responses (Skinner) - Refers to those characteristics of a person that account for the consistent patterns of feeling, thinking, and behaving (Pervin, Cervone, & John) Personality theories – concerned with the nature of human nature; they consider… - Motives, feelings, thinking, and action – the forces that drive us and order our cognitive and emotional life - The recognizable continuity of personality from situation to situation and over the lifespan - How humans develop, with the emphasis of psychological attributes that make each person unique - How we reach productive maturity and cope with aging - What stress and damaging disorders of personality do to us The Assumptions of Science - Determinism – all events in nature act in lawful ways - Discoverability – in principle, the laws governing all events are potentially discoverable - Potential human benefit – it is part of the scientific credo that knowledge is gained by science is potentially beneficial to humans and to nonhuman creatures SOURCES OF DATA - S-data – from self-disclosure - O-data – for the reports the observer makes on a target person - L-data – from the life history of a person - B-data – represent the observed behavior S-data – from self-disclosure - Are the easiest to get - i.e. asking a friend a question, using questionnaires - Does not exactly reflect the true attributes of some of our participants O-data – observations made by peers - Good sources: friends, spouses, colleagues, teachers, etc - Takes ad
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