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Chapter 3


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Sociology and Anthropology
SA 150
Amie Mc Lean

Ch. 3: Socialization January-20-13 10:32 PM Review: Seeing the general in the particular • E.g. a cup of coffee every morning o How is it linked to broader and general issues in the society ? • Linked to coffee bean production and labour issues (child labour) • What type of coffee do you buy? The type of foods eaten also have symbolic meaning, social hierarchy • Critical thinking: Yekcoh ritual o Self reflexive: being accountable for possible biases and influence on your perspective 1. Socialization o Socialization: The social process whereby people undergo development by interacting with the people around them • It is a lifelong experience. Social experience through which we learn • e.g. socialized through gender roles-- Babies are wrapped in either a blue or pink blanket. People react to babies differently based on what the gender is (more gentle towards the baby in the pink blanket) --> this proves that people are immediately treated according to their perceived gender • Sociologists look at the social explanation of behaviour but do not completely dismiss the biological factors 2. Nature vs development . Nurture o Nature o Some believe that nurture plays the more fundamental role in human • How can social interaction make us human? Social interaction is actually not innate • blank slates? Or are we biologically preconditioned with our behaviours 3. Feral Children plays a key role o Reality of feral children is more horrifying than ideally seen through movies o First feral child found in 1800. Victor (1797) o Anna (1938). Initially could not smile, not walk but eventually learnt to do so however she remained at a mental/social development of a 2 year old o Genie (1970) -- tied to a potty training chair by her parents. She was: unable to cry, impervious to heat and cold. Mental ability never exceeded that of a young child • It is very clear that human interaction actually fosters brain development. Infants that are denied bonding, develop in impaired ways • Biological Determinism a. Humans rely on culture to survive. Feral children that are denied that interaction do not develop characteristics that make them human b. Research on children that do not have socialization: they have rudimentary training to recognise people. Humans are born with specific cognitive abilities i. These capacities that are in place, enable us socialize and develop further ii. The body you have willl influence your social identity and your social identity will also influence your body. Eg. If you are athletic , you will associate with the other athletic people who will encourage you to play sports with them etc.. c. Prejudice and discrimination d. Slavery i. It was only outlawed in Canada as a part of the British empire in 1830's ii. Key way slavery was justified was by sudo .. Saying that those of the African decent were a different species and were better suited for manual labour. e. Eugenics a. Goal of these programs were to sterilize those people who were socially/mentally unfit • Sociobiology a. Sociologists emphasize the importance of culture over biology. Social factors seem to be the dominant feature • 4 Key agents of socialization • All of these play a crucial role in developing social norms a. Family • Most important and considered the primary role in our behaviour. • Loving family= happy children • Family diversity in term of family forms. They provide highly supportive environments for children.  Notions of blood ties also vary cross culturally  E.g. In other countries, children are only considered blood related to the father and not the mother • Families helps people internalize culture. b. Schooling • Social, gender, race and class • Education systems are responsible for socializing large groups of people. Socialization is taught in school in terms of mathematics, social studies etc.. • "hidden curriculum" taught in school instills such things as punctuality, tardiness, lining up in an orderly manner, schedules determined by bells • Canada comes with residential schools  Aboriginal children were considered total institutions in which they were taken away from their families, banned from speaking their native language and unsanitary nature of the buildings(exposed them to diseases) exposed them to physical and sexual abuse Goal to assimilate aboriginals children into white European societies  Last residential school was closed in 1996 This is an example that socialization does not always have  a positive impact on communities. Most people assumed that residential schools were to benefit the aboriginal children c. Peers • From school, in which we are first introduced into peer groups • Learn a lot of social skills of how to get along with relatives and socially equals • Teenage peers-- peer group tends to gain ongoing importance and within these groups, they develop their own subculture and social norms (E.g. when riding a bus, teens tend to sit in the very back where they are far away from that authoritative figure) d. Mass Media • Channels of communication large communities are connected to such as the internet, t.v., magazines • Research tells us that socialization from t.v. begins at the age of 2 • Concerns that children who watch more t.v. are less likely to use their imagination and become more passive • Sociological theories • Structural functionalism : concerned with the function of social structures(any relative stable pattern of behaviour such as marriage) • Social structure works together in order to keep society healthy. E.g. School as a social structure that provides people with skills in which provides the societ
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