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Chapter 12

Psychology Chapter 12.docx

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Trent University
PSYC 1030H
Brenda Smith- Chant

Psychology Chapter 12: Motivation Motivation: An inferred process within a person or animal that causes movement either toward a goal or away from an unpleasant situation. Intrinsic Motivation: The pursuit of an activity for its own sake. Extrinsic Motivation: The pursuit of an activity for external rewards, such as money or fame. Set Point: The genetically influenced weight range for an individual; it’s maintained by biological mechanisms that regulate food intake, fat reserves, and metabolism. Endorphins: Chemical substances in the nervous system that are similar in structure and action to opiates; they are involved in pain reduction, pleasure, and memory and are known technically as endogenous opioid peptides. Proximity Effect: The people who are nearest to you geographically are most likely to be dearest to you, too. Similarity Effect: Similarity – in looks, attitudes, beliefs, values, personality, and interests – is attractive to human beings; we tend to choose friends and loved ones who are most like us. Attachment Theory.. ..Of Love: People’s attachment styles as adults derive in large part from how their parents cared for them. Sexual Script: Set of implicit rules that specify proper sexual behaviour for a person in a given situation, varying with the person’s gender, age, religion, social status, and peer group. TAT: Thematic apperception test; A projective test that asks respondents to interpret a series of drawings showing scenes of people; usually scored for unconscious motives, such as the need for ac
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