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Chapter 15

Psychology Chapter 15 glossary.docx

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PSYC 1030H
Brenda Smith- Chant

Psychology Chapter 15: Psychological Disorders Mental Disorder: Any behaviour or emotional state that causes an individual great suffering, is self-destructive, seriously impairs the person’s ability to work or get along with others, or endangers others or the community. Culture-Bound Syndromes: Disorders that are specific to particular cultural contexts. Projective Tests: Psychological tests used to infer a person’s motives, conflicts, and unconscious dynamics on the basis of the person’s interpretations of ambiguous stimuli Objective Tests: Inventories; Standardized objective questionnaires requiring written responses; they typically include scales on which people are asked to rate themselves GAD: Generalized anxiety disorder; a continuous state of anxiety marked by feelings of worry and dread, apprehension, difficulties in concentration, and signs of motor tension Agoraphobia: A set of phobias, often set up by a panic attack, involving the basic fear of being away from a safe place or person Major Depression: A mood disorder involving disturbances in emotion (excessive sadness), behaviour (loss of interest in one’s usual activities), cognition (thoughts of hopelessness), and body function (fatigue and loss of appetite). Vulnerability-Stress Approaches that emphasize how individual vulnerabilities interact with external stresses or Models: circumstances to produce mental disorders Borderline Personality A disorder characterized by intense but unstable relationships, a fear of abandonment by Disorder: others, an unrealistic self-image, and emotional volatility Psychopathy: A personality disorder characterized by a lack of remorse, empathy, anxiety, and other social emotions; the use of deceit and manipulation; and impulsive thrill seeking APD: Antisocial personality disorder; a personality disorder characterized by a lifelong pattern of irresponsible, antisocial behaviour such as law-breaking, violence, and other impulsive, reckless acts Dissociative Identity A controversial disorder marked by the apparent appearance within one person or two or more Disorder: distinct personalities, each with its own name and traits; formerly known as multiple personality disorder (MPD) Schizophrenia: A psychotic disorder marked by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized and incoherent speech,
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