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Psychology (329)
PSYC 1030H (50)
Chapter 16

Chapter 16- Approaches to Treatment and Therapy.docx

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PSYC 1030H
Elizabeth Nisbet

Chapter 16 Approaches to Treatment and TherapyBiological TreatmentsDrugs1Antipsychotic drugsAntipsychotic drugs neuroleptics drugs used primarily in the treatment of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders they are often used of label and inappropriately for other disorders such as dementia and impulsive aggressivenessUsed to treat schizophrenia and other psychosesMany psychoses thought to be caused by excess of dopamine many drugs designed to block or reduce sensitivity of dopamine receptorsSome also increase serotonin which inhibits dopamine activityCan reduce agitation delusions and hallucinations shorten schizophrenic episodesLittle relief from other symptoms like jumbled thoughts apathy emotional flatnessAllows release from hospital but often cannot care for themselvesSide effects include muscle rigidity hand tremors muscle movementsCan lead to tardive dyskinesiaadults 13 elderly 2Antidepressant drugsAntidepressant drugs drugs used primarily in the treatment of mood disorders especially depression and anxietyUsed mostly to treat depression anxiety phobias and OCDMonoamine oxidase inhibitors MAOIs elevate norepinephrine and serotonin by blocking or inhibiting enzyme that deactivates them Tricyclic elevate norepinephrine and serotonin by preventing normal reabsorptionSelective serotonin reuptake inhibitors SSRI specifically target serotoninAll three classes nonaddictive and equally effectiveSide effects dry mouth headaches constipation nausea restlessness gastrointestinal problems weight gain decreased sexual desire in onethird of patientsSpecific side effects vary per drugMAOIs most dangerous high blood pressure least prescribed 3Antianxiety drugs tranquilizersTranquilizers drugs commonly but often inappropriately prescribed for patients who complain of unhappiness anxiety or worry
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