Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (170,000)
Trent (1,000)
PSYC (400)
Chapter 15

PSYC 3610H Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Classical Conditioning, Respiratory System, Autonomic Nervous System

Course Code
PSYC 3610H
Shawn Carter

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
CH. 15
Respondent Conditioning
If a neutral stimulus is followed closely in time by an unconditioned stimulus (US), which elicits and
unconditioned response (UR), then the previously neutral stimulus will also elicit UR in the future
Operant Conditioning
the modification of behaviour by its consequences
Experiences often include both respondent and operant conditioning occurring together
Complete behavioural explanations sometimes require consideration of both
Respondent and Operant Component of Emotions
-Four important areas:
Reaction one feels during the experience of emotion
The way the emotion is outwardly expressed or disguised
Becoming aware of emotions and describing emotions
Causes of emotions
• Reflexive reaction of body
Digestive system
Circulatory system
Respiratory system
• Controlled by Autonomic Nervous System
Fight or flight
Nearly every organ or gland controlled by the autonomic nervous system is susceptible to respondent
Operant Components of Emotions
Displays of emotion depend on learning history operant conditioning at play
Labeling of emotions may be inaccurate if we don't know:
o Emotion causing events
o Inner feelings
o Relevant operant behaviours
Some Causes of Emotions: A behavioral Explanations
Happiness (presentation of reinforcers)
Anger (withholding reinfrocers)
Anxiety (presentation of aversive stimuli)
Relief (withdrawl of aversive stimuli)
Respondent & Operant Components of Thinking
• Imagery – Respondent
Thinking can produce brain reactions of sensations
Body reactions
• Self-Talk Operant
Much of thinking is verbal
At 5-6 years, begin subvocal speech (talk silently to self)
Learn what is appropriate to say and what isn’t
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version