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Chapter 1

POLI 2210 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Atlantic Canada, Charlottetown Conference, Hydroelectricity

Political Science
Course Code
POLI 2210
Peter Mc Cormick

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Chapter 1 : The study of Politics 2/9/2013 11:03:00 PM
- Model of the political System
Needs (individuals ) Demands (Advocacy Groups) --- Issues (parties
and elections) --- Executive Bureaucracy legislature judiciary.
o Pluralism
Closest to democratic Ideal
Variety of people, most not interested, but if they feel
overlooked by gov’t will mobilize and activate their
Power widely dispersed
Individuals can employ resources and organize groups.
Authorities compromise
Different policy areas = Different Groups
Increasingly replacing individual and party activity.
o Public Choice
Assumes Canada is a democracy
Bargaining process Politicians work for votes
Respond to interests repress. Most votes
Focus on undecided voters
Maximize publicity of success minimize of
Take credit for only good
“rational choice” – Politicians and bureaucracy,
authorities and advocacy groups, authorities and
o Class Analysis
Neo Marxism
Bourgeoisie control stuff make sure it leads to
their accumulation of wealth.

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Dependance of state on capitalist system,
shape values, provide personnel and funds,
organize pressure groups
Petite bourgoise new middle class and working
class must be somewhat accommodated to
legitimate capitalism
Or coercion
Really just a disguise
Powerful corporations and int. organizations
o State Centered Apprpach
State largely autonomous
Authorities policies public interest
Polticians rely on bureacrocy for advice
To maximize authority : internal generation of info and
maximize jurisdiction, discretion and financial
Manip. Or coercion if necessary
o Globalization
Gov’t must respond to external actors.
Gov’t constrained by international organizations and
International branches more active than domestic
Citizens interact with citizens in other states to protect
common interest.
Neo liberalism hey day passed but still influential
because of transmission of ideas and ideologies.
Softwood Lumber Us wants Canada capped

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International Foundations and the Evolution of the
State 2/9/2013 11:03:00 PM
o 1550s and 1600 France and Britain colonized parts of territory
Periodically fought each other over NA claims
o France got Permanent new france/ quebec in early 1600s, HBC got
ruperts land around Hudsons bay, and Britain got nova scotia and
newfoundland by 1713 treaty of Urecht.
o Britain conquered Quebec 1759 battle of the plains of Abraham lad to
Quebec trying to retain distinctive character (part of 7 years war)
o In addition to Quebec, Britain gained PEI, Cape Breton, New Brunswick by
treaty of paris
France only had Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Constitutional Developments
1758 Nova Scotia
assembly First elected
1759 British conquest of QC
1763 Royal Proclamation
British Quebec, and protect
interests of aboriginal ppls.
o British was English, and
non agricultural
Didn’t implement
language and
religion on QC!
1773 PEI assembly
1774 QC act
- French civil law and British
Criminal law
- RC freedom of Relig. And could be
appointed to council
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