ANTHR101 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Biological Anthropology, Primate, Sociolinguistics

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Published on 5 Feb 2017
School
University of Alberta
Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTHR101
What is anthropology?
The study of Humans.
Anthropologists:
They are interested in both universals and differences in human populations.
They want to discover when, where, and why humans appeared on earth, how and why
they have changed since then, and how and why modern human populations vary in the
biological and cultural feautures.
Anthropologists are interested in people of ALL periods
The Holistic approach:
The holistic approach is the IDEA that something as a whole is greater than the sum of
its parts.
Example: For culture, there are many parts that make it as a whole today, food, clothing,
etc.
Anthopologist’s cuiosity?
Their curiosity focuses mainly on typical characteristics (traits, customs) of human
groups and how to understand and explain them.
Fields of Anthropology:
Biological Anthropology: (physical)
- Deals with biological and physical characteristics of humans.
- This field seeks to answe 2 uestions….
- First set: is about the emergence of humans and their evolution. This focus is called
(Human Paleontology or Paleoanthropology)
- Paleontologists search for and study the buried and fossils of
humans,prehumans,etc to reconstruct human evolution.
-paleontologists are interested in the behaviour and evolution of our closest
relatives amongn the mammals, like monkeys and apes, which like ourselves are
members of the order of PRIMATES.
- Second set: How and Why contemporary human populations vary biological (Human
variation)
-The study of human variation, investigates how and why contemporary human
populations differ in biological or physical characteristics.
- all living people belong to one species, HOMO SAPIENS, for all can successfully
interbreed.
Cultural Anthropology:
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Document Summary

They are interested in both universals and differences in human populations. They want to discover when, where, and why humans appeared on earth, how and why they have changed since then, and how and why modern human populations vary in the biological and cultural feautures. Anthropologists are interested in people of all periods. The holistic approach is the idea that something as a whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Example: for culture, there are many parts that make it as a whole today, food, clothing, etc. Their curiosity focuses mainly on typical characteristics (traits, customs) of human groups and how to understand and explain them. Deals with biological and physical characteristics of humans. This field seeks to answe(cid:396) 2 (cid:395)uestions . First set: is about the emergence of humans and their evolution. This focus is called (human paleontology or paleoanthropology) Paleontologists search for and study the buried and fossils of humans,prehumans,etc to reconstruct human evolution.

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