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Chapter 9

Ch. 9 - The Study of Culture textbook notes


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTHR101
Professor
Francois Larose
Chapter
9

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Ch. 9 – The Study of Culture
Defining Features of Culture
Culture: set of learned behaviors and ideas that are
characteristic of a particular society or social group
Society: a group of people who occupy a particular territory
and speak a common language not generally understood by
neighboring peoples
**Lecture #2 notes
Culture is commonly shared
Something considered cultural if it is commonly shared
by some group
Even if only a few people do it, still cultural if it is
accepted by most
Subculture: a group within a society
Culture is learned
Language
Ethnocentrism: judging other cultures based on your own
culture
Opposite – glorification of other cultures
Both hinder effective anthropology
Cultural relativism: society’s customs should be considered in
context of that society’s problems and opportunities
Norms: rules about acceptable behavior
**Lecture #3 notes – more definitions
Types of Research in Cultural Anthropology
Types of Research in Cultural Anthropology
Scope Nonhistorical Historical
Single society Ethnography
Within-culture
comparison
Ethnohistory
Within-culture
comparison
Region Controlled
comparison
Controlled
comparison
Worldwide sample Cross-cultural
research
Cross-historical
research
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