GLYCOLYSIS.docx

2 Pages
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Department
Biology (Biological Sciences)
Course Code
BIOL107
Professor
Lesley Harrington

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Description
GLYCOLYSIS Energy from glucose is released in short burts as NADH + FADH2’s  Ways to Make  ATP Photophosphorylation ATP Synthase, chloroplast, make ATP Substrate level  Occurs in cytosol + mitochondria phosphorylation Kinases take phosphates from other  substrates, add to ADP Oxidative Phosphorylaton Mitochondria, ATP synthases powered  by oxidation of organic molecules Glycolysis ­Occurs in cytosol outside mitochondria ­Glucose  ▯uses 2 ATP  ▯makes 4 ATP +  2 NADH + 2 pyruvate Energy Investment 1. Glucose + ATP with hexoisomerase ▯   makes Glucose­6­Phosphate (G6P) 2. G6P with phophoglucoisomerase  ▯ F6P (fructose­6­phosphate) 3. F6P with phosphofructokinase + ATP   ▯Fructose 1­6 Biphosphate 4. F1,6P + aldolase  ▯Dihydroxyacetone   phosphate with isomerase…  makes glyceraldehyde 3 –phosphate (2 G3P) Energy Payoff 2 G3P  ▯makes 2 NADH + triose  phosphate dehydrogenase + 2  Phosphates  ▯1,3, Bisphosphoglycerate Reverse of Calvin Cycle 2 BG3P + phosphoglycerokinase ▯  2 
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