Synopses of All Required Textbook Readings and Some Articles

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University of Alberta
Human Ecology
Bonnie Patterson- Payne

Human Ecology 210 Intimate Relations September 13 2011 Chapter 1 The Building Blocks of Relationships Intimate relationships differ from casual relationships in at least six specific ways knowledge caring interdependence mutuality trust and commitment High sex ratio societies more men than women result in traditional oldfashioned roles for men and women meaning early marriage and divorce being discouraged Low sex ratio societies more women than men allow for a more permissive arena where women are encouraged to pursue careers and be sexually activeAttachment styles Secure Children will happily and trustingly bond with others as a result of consistent nurturing care Anxiousambivalent As a result of inconsistent or distracted caregiving these children become nervous needy and clingyAvoidant Care provided by reluctant or hostile parents result in children that are suspicious and angry at others finding it difficult to form close relationshipsBartholomews Four Categories of Attachment Styles Secure the same as previously Preoccupied Needy or clingy dont like to be left alone depend on others for approval Dismissivea division of avoidant selfsufficient feels no need for new relationships Fearful a division of avoidant they avoid others due to a fear of rejection The underlying factors are the degree of avoidance of intimacy and the degree of anxiety about abandonmentGender Classifications Instrumental Masculine taskoriented traits such as assertiveness competitiveness and competencyExpressive Feminine social and emotional skills such as warmness sensitivity and kindnessAndrogynous A combination of the two sets of traits The Big 5 Personality Traits Extraversion the extent to which people are outgoing gregarious enthusiastic and sociable versus cautious reclusive and shy Agreeablenessthe degree to which people are compassionate cooperative and trusting versus irritable cranky and hostileConscientiousness the extent to which people are industrious dependable and orderly versus unreliable and careless Neuroticism the degree to which people are volatile and prone to worry anxiety and anger Openness to experience the degree to which people are imaginative unconventional and artistic versus conforming uncreative and stodgy
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