Phonetics: The Sounds of Language
- Articulatory Phonetics – Studies the physiological mechanisms of speech production.
- Acoustic Phonetics – Concerned with measuring and analyzing the physical properties of the
sound waves we produce when we speak.
3.1 Phonetic Transcription
- Segments – Single symbol, individual phones produced by coordinating the number of
individual articulatory gestures.
- Features – Subunits of which segments are composed of.
3.2 The sound-producing System
- Vocal folds positioned in different states determine whether it is voiceless, voices, whisper or
3.3 Sound Classes
- Consonant Sounds – voiced or voiceless made with either a complete closure or narrowing of
- Vowels – little obstruction, usually voiced (Sonorous – louder and longer lasting).
- Vowel – nucleus of a syllable.
- Glides – Semi-vowel, semi-consonant, rapidly articulated vowels (yet, wet, boy, see you, who