Chapter 10

3 Pages

Physical Education, Recreation and Leisure Studies
Course Code
Melanie Muise

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Chapter 1 Sociology: The study of social life, including all forms of interactions and relationships -Provides useful: Concepts, theories, and research methods. These allow us to examine social life in context and see connections between our lives and the larger social world Critical Consciousness (CC): An individual and group activity that explores the contextual dynamics of power and privilege in a reflexive manner in order to resist or change unjust situations Society: A collection of people living in a defined geographical territory and united by a political system and a shared sense of self-identification that distinguishes them from other collections of people Culture: Consists of the ways of life people create as they participate in a group or society -Produced, reproduced, changed as people interact and sometimes struggle over: • What’s important in their lives? (Being “good” parents) • How to do things? (parenting styles) • How to make sense of their experiences? (Being an iron-mama instead of a hockey parent) Sport Sociologists: • What are the meaning, purpose, and organization of sport? Who will participate in sports, and under what conditions will this participation occur? • • How will sports be sponsored and what will be the reason for sponsorship? A Traditional Definition of Sports: Institutionalized competitive activities that involve rigorous physical exertion or the use of relatively complex physical skills by participants motivated by internal and external rewards (physical, competitive, institutionalized activities) Institutionalization: Process through which actions, relationships, and social arrangements become patterned or standardized over time and from one situation to another. Involves: 1.Rules of the activity become standardized 2.Official regulatory agencies take over rule enforcement (World anti doping agency WADA) 3.The organizational and technical aspects of the activity become important 4.The learning of game skills becomes formalized Play: An expressive activity done for its own sake, spontaneous, guided by informal emergent norms Dramatic Spectacle: A performance that is intended to entertain an audience for purpose of obtaining rewards -Sports are distinguished from play and spectacle in that they involve both intrinsic enjoyment and extrinsic rewards for performance -Official Sport Definition by Sport Canada: “Sport Canada works to help Canadians participate and excel in sport. As part of the Department of Canadian Heritage, Sport Canada strengthens the unique contribution that sport makes to Canadian identity, culture and society.” -Official Leisure Definition by Statistics Canada: “Leisure time measures the time we set aside to socialize, exercise our minds and bodies, and pursue our own interests. It is time free from work, other commitments such as housework and caring for others, and routine personal care activities such as sleeping and eating. Having time for leisure and the ability to exercise some choice in ho
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