Textbook Notes (369,067)
Canada (162,366)
POL S101 (30)
Chapter 11

chapter 11 new.docx

5 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
POL S101
Satish Joshi

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12/04/2013 Canada has a democratic deficit, the citizens have less control than they should Democracy Rule by and of and for the people It’s rare because Focusses on capability of state’s people Impractical, slow ▯ opposition holds out until they get what they want Can’t reach a quick decision in catastrophes PROS Elections make people accountable Allows for multiple perspectives CONS SLOW Citizens can wrongly vote for corrupt leaders; Liberal Democracy Rule via constitution and individual rights Has competitors, citizens can discuss & criticize Political Pluralism Different areas of society work together to make govt function Rule of Law Government is subject to law, consent and criticism Law protects govt from gaining too much power Laws are 1. Knowable to all; 2. Apply to govt Accountability Horizontal ▯ to other branches of government Vertical ▯ to citizens Unless there’s strong v, won’t have strong H Participation Take part in governing; empower ordinary citizens Allows citizens to participate;  Freedom Free ▯ democratic, not free▯ undemocratic; partly free ▯ unclear (Singapore) Electoral Democracy Representatives compete in elections Free and fair elections; parties appeal to voters,  Opposition can take power Citizens right to choose how to run govt SYSTEMS: Parliamentary ▯ close bond b/w exec and house Presidential ­­. Single leader, exec apart from house Semi­Presidential ▯ share of power b/w leaders Non­Democratic Authoritarian Systems ▯ people are subjects; no voice in government; seen as effective  rule; limit acceptable ideas; restricts citizen participation 6 types: Totalitarian 1. official ideology  2.  single mass party led by one man, the dictator, made up of no more than 1
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