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Chapter 13

Chapter 13 Cheat Sheet.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POL S101
Professor
Satish Joshi
Semester
Fall

Description
CHAPTER7CHEATSHEETLegislativebodiesmadetotakepowerfromthegovernmentandmakesuregovernmentactedinbenefitofpublicMorepartiesmorecompetitionleadingpartyisusuallydominantideologyCADREPARTIESSupportofrichnotablesconcernedwithelectingmemberstopartythanbuildingstrongmembershipDidntwantmassesbuttheelitesspecificinterestsofeliteUsuallyConservativeformedinParliamentadvicefortheleadersandparliamentarymembersPARTYLEADERSHIPDETERMINESPOSITIONMASSPARTIESDrawsupportfromregularpaymentsandduesorganizemassestopushforwardavoiceUsuallyappealtoworkingclassformedoutsideParliamentHavestrongerconnectionstocitizensmoremembersauthoritytopartyconventiontodecidewhatpolicypositionstheyshouldpursueGainingsupportPartyConventionsmeetingofdelegateslegislatorsofficialslookoverplatformMassPartiesmaybemoredemocraticbuteventuallycomeintothehandsofafewpeopleIRONLAWOFOLIGARCHYMODERNPARTIESELECTORALPROFESSIONALMobilizeduringcampaignheavyinfluenceonmarketingWantvotesnotstronglyideologicalConservativeDownplayideologyduringelectionsBROKERAGEAccommodatesasmanyinterestsasitcantobuildbroadsupportLiberalsPROGRAMMATIVEDistinctideologicalperspectiveorcoherentsetofpolicygoalsOracertaincultureegQuebecPERSONALISTICPARTIESPromoteelectionofparticularindividualCharlesdeGuallePartidoJusticialisteforJuanPeronSilvioBerlusconiCanadasPartiesCONSERVATIVECadrepartyelitesbecameFreeTradein1942becameReformPartymorerightmergedwithPCin2003successfulagainLIBERALCadreinoriginadoptsclassicalliberalismthenturnedmorewelfareNDPCombinationofunionsSupportswelfarestatesocialeconomicequalityopposesmilitaryBlocQuebecoisQuebecnationalismlikeNDPGreenPartyEnvironmentalissueshumanrightshealthcareforeignpolicyNDPlikeCleavagesocialdivisionwithdistinctgroupsofcollectiveidentityanddistinctinterestst1CleavageCreationofamodernnationstatesecularizationofstatend2CleavagePostIndustrialRevolutionfactoryownervsworkerclasscleavageSomepartiesmoreideologicalandsuccessfulBritishconservativesandMargaretThatcherRepublicansandRonaldReganMichaelHarrisinOntarioRalphKleininAlbertaPARTIESSelectingleaderbyParliamentpersonwhogetsmostvotesbecomesheadofgovtPartyconventionsvariouscomponentsofpartyselectleaderlessdemocraticUsedtouseconventionsystembutnowdirectEachdistictCandidatescanbeselectedbyotherpartymembersGenderQuotassomepartieshavequotesfornumberoffemaleselectedPartyCaucusmakessuremembersaligntoparties
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