Textbook Notes (363,082)
Canada (158,181)
Psychology (512)
PSYCO223 (18)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Alberta
Dayuma Vargas Lascano

Chapter 1: Introduction Development: the pattern of movement or change that begins at conception and continues through the human life span The Lifespan Perspective - Traditional approach used to be: lots of change from birth to adolescence, little or no change during adulthood, and decline in old age - Upper boundary of human life span: 122 years – hasn’t ever changed - What has changed – life expectancy: average number of years a person born in a particular year can expect to live - Life span perspective: view of development as being lifelong, multidimensional, multidirectional, plastic, multidisciplinary and contextual; involving growth, maintenance, and regulation of loss; and constructed through biological, sociocultural and individual factors working together Development is… - Lifelong: no age period predominates development - Multidimensional: your body, mind, emotions and relationships change and affect each other o development has biological, cognitive and socio-emotional dimensions o within each of these dimensions there are many components - Multidirectional: some dimensions can expand while others shrink o ex: when one language is acquired early in development, the capacity for acquiring second/third languages decreases later in development - Plastic: plasticity means the capacity for change - Multidisciplinary - Contextual: all development occurs within a context, or a setting o ex: families, neighborhoods, schools, peer groups, work settings, cities, etc. o each of these settings is influenced by historical, economic, social and cultural factors o these contexts also change  we are changing beings in a changing world o as a result of these changes, contexts have three types of influences: 1) normative age graded influences: similar for individuals in a particular age group  puberty, menopause, beginning formal education at around ~6, retirement when in the 60’s 2) normative history-graded influences: common to people of a particular generation because of historical circumstances  baby boomers living through Cuban missile crisis, living through WWII, Great Depression, or us with the integration of technology in everyday life, also includes changes in genetic/cultural makeup of a population because of immigration/fertility rates 3) non-normative life events: unusual occurrences that have a major impact on an individual’s life  death of a parent when a child, teenage pregnancy, winning the lottery - development involves growth, maintenance and regulation of loss: as you age the maintenance and regulation of loss is more important than growth - development is a co-construction of biology, culture and the individual: brain shapes culture, but is also shaped by culture Some Contemporary Concerns - health and well being - parenting and education - sociocultural contexts and diversity - social policy Culture: behaviour, patterns, beliefs, and all other products of a group that are passed on from generation to generation Ethnicity: characteristic based on cultural heritage, nationality, race, religion, and language  ex: African Americans, Latinos, native Americans, diversity exists within each ethnic group Socioeconomic status SES: person’s position in society based on occupational, educational and economic characteristics Gender: characteristics of people as females or males Social Policy: government’s course of action designed to promote welfare of citizens – values, economics, politics - prenatal period: conception to birth - infancy: birth to 18/24 months - early childhood: until 5/6 years -
More Less

Related notes for PSYCO223

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.