Self management: engaging in one behavior to control or prevent the occurrence of a
problem or undesirable behavior.
Defining self management problems:
Often the behavior you want to achieve you know bas benefits for you but this desirable
behavior is prevented from occurring because it is not reinforced immediately ( also
called temporal discounting when it not immediately reinforced) or that the presence of
competing behavior prevents this behavior from occurring. The goal is to increase the
current level of the deficit behavior that that the positive outcome can be achieved for the
person in the future. This same things apply to the excess of undesirable behaviors (is
immediately reinforced or no alternative behaviors exist) and thus it continues to occur.
Defining self management:
Skinner : tworesponse conceptualization of selfcontrol. Controlling behavior: (i.e., the
selfmanagement behavior such as setting goals, eating snack before coming home,
running with other) behavior that influences future occurrence of the controlled response.
Controlled behavior: the behavior that you want to change (i.e., the target behavior such
as you want to run more). Everything you do in controlling behavior is to change the
target behavior ( the controlled behavior).
Types of selfmanagement strategies:
Goals setting: explicitly determining the criterion level of the target behaviour and the
timeframe for achieving it ( what is my goal and when am I going to accomplish it).
Make sure this goal is achievable though and is needed at the beginning as achieving a
goal acts as a conditional reinforce.
selfrecording, or selfobservation: procedure in which a person observes their behavior
systematically and records the occurrence (or nonoccurrence) of the target behavior. This
often occurs with goal setting. Often just monitoring yourself can produce the reactivity
effect and increase your behavior.
Antecedent manipulations: same as chapter 16. There are 6 of them that are all used to
change the environment in a way to make the occurrence of the bahvior more likely.
Note: all the selfmanagement procedures involve antecendent manipulation because the
person engages in some controlling behavior in advance of the controlled behavior. That
is that you plan self management ahead of target behavior occurance. Even response
consequences is the same thing. You have to arrange ahead of time.
Behavioral contracts: written document that specifies and defines the target behavior,
what data will be collected and how, the criterion level of the target behavior, the time
frame for achieving it, and contingencies that affect the target behavior. is a formal way
of making a commitment to your goal and is shown to be successful. Often requires