PSYCO258 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Language Acquisition Device, Transformational Grammar, Universal Grammar

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Mcguffey"s first eclectic reader: textbook written in 1870s that taught kids how to read. Diacritical marks: symbols above letters that indicated correct sound. Intonation: lines at specific angles to indicate how voice should rise or fall. Articulation: sounds of language distinct, smooth with force. Most common languages: mandarin, spanish, english, hindi-urdu, arabic. Development of language across cultures is similar. Language: open-ended communication that consists of all possible sentences. Arbitrary but conventional removed from referent (pictures can"t be used as language) Displaced can talk about things that are not physically or temporally present. Productive must be able to combine words to make an unlimited number of sentences. Hierarchical: basic sounds combine to make words words combine to make sentences. Sentence: grammatical utterance recognized by native speakers (there are an infinite number of sentences in a language) Speech: spoken language only a small subset of all possible sentences.

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