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SOC241 (7)
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SOC241Section2Textbook.pdf

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC241
Professor
Leslie Hayduk
Semester
Winter

Description
SOC  241:  Social  Psych Section  1:  Textbook  notes  (pg:  v  to  35,  54  to  58) January  2014 Pages  5  to  35 Social  Psychology  is  a  relatively  new  field,  the  first  known  studies  were  done  in  the  1800’s. textbooks  weren’t  introduced  until  1900’s Max  Ringelmann:  had  men  pull  on  a  rope  alone  and  then  in  groups,  found  people  didn’t  try  as hard  when  in  a  group  (1880’s) Norman  Triplett:  noticed  bicycle  riders  did  better  when  racing  others  vs  racing  clock.  Test  by having  40  children  wind  a  reel.  When  working  side  by  side,  the  children  tried  harder. One  idea:  “modern  life  makes  people  vulnerable  to  alienation  and  exploration  by  giant  social systems” Two  key  ideas  from  the  1900’s:  Gordon  Allport  noted  that  the  study  of  attitudes  was  key  and  Kurt Lewin  noted  behaviour  is  a  function  of  the  person  and  the  situation. World  War  II:  WWII  cause  a  lot  of  research  and  cause  lots  of  researchers    to  move  to  the  United States ● Adolf  Eichmann:  stated  that  everyone  was  following  orders ● Lead  to  Milgram’s  shock  experiment Main  Ideas/Themes  by  era 1950/1960  (still  important  now) ● Behaviourism:  explain  human  behaviour  in  terms  of  learning  principles  not  the  mind, thoughts,  emotions,  or  other  inner  processes.  Focused  on  observable  actions  that  could be  studied  experimentally,  focused  on  reinforcement  histories. ● Freudian  Psychoanalysis:  interpretation  of  human  experiences,  looking  at  inner processes,  focused  on  unconscious  forces 1970/1980 ● study  of  simple  cognitive  processes  evolved  into  study  of  social  cognition  (how  people think  about  people  and  the  social  world) ● study  of  self  came  another  central  theme
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