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Chapter 4

SOC375 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Collectivism, Canada 2006 Census, Visible Minority

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Kwame Boadu

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Chapter 4- Aging and Ethnicity
- Differences in lifestyles and experiences in old age between ethno-cultural groups in Canada, there are also
differences among seniors within the same ethno-cultural groups
The Concept of Ethnicity
- Ethnicity- variously defined as country of birth, birthplaces of ancestors, cultural heritage, or self-identification
with an ethno-cultural group
- Seniors may select their ethnic identity from a range of option derived from their own biography, a senior may
also have an ethnic identity imposed on them by others
- The country of origin
- Bith out of seio’s paets/gadpaets
- Citizenship
- Religion for some (ex. Jews)
- Senior can choose their ethnic group identity
- Ambiguity as many with mixed and unique combination of identities and biographies
o Ex. 1996 census more Canadians than reported in the census
Atifiial Caadias
So tried to redefine ethnicity for 2001 census had Caadia so did’t eed to etio/rely
o paets’ ethiit
Ethnic and Cultural Diversity
- Considerable ethnic and cultural diversity in Canada
- Minority groups- (in Canada) are those ethno-ultual goups that hae’t oigiated i othe o este
European countries
- Visible minorities- non-European origin and/or not white in skin tone
o Caada’s offiial defiitio of isile ioit eludes the Aoigial populatio
o UN has condemned Canada for using skin colour has an identifier
- Culture- refers to shared language, beliefs, values, customs, and practices
o Based on where you live
- Societies tend to privilege some ethnicities and disadvantage others
- Dominant (majority group) and disadvantaged (minority group)
o Majority and minority normally looking at numerical values
In soc its who dominizes/who has power (so use dominant and subordinate)
Ex. South Africa blacks are majority in terms of numbers, but the minority in terms of power
- Ethno-cultural groups in Canada have different values (ex. family-oriented vs. individualistic)
- Cultural values and ethnicity lead to diverse experiences
Theoretical Perspective of Ethnicity and Age
- Multiple jeopardy theory- hypothesis that there is a compounding of disadvantages associate with ethnicity,
class and gender (ex. Aboriginal seniors, refugees, etc.)
o Hard to measure most studies use a cross-sectional method
o Does have some value has lead researchers to try to separate the effects of age from lifelong effects
of inequality
This perspective offers a framework for longitudinal studies of specific subgroups of older
- Buffering theory- holds that a culture that values seniors and provides meaningful roles for them tends to
protect them to a degree from losses and social devaluation in later life (ex. Chinese seniors and their
expectation of respect in old age)
- Life course perspective- begins with the idea that life unfolds from birth to death in a social, cultural, and
historical context; looks at the impact of social institutions, historical periods and events, personal biography,
life cycle stages, life events, and resources on the minority older person
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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