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Chapter 1

Coms 201 → Chapter One Introduction

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Communications Studies
COMS 201
Dawn Johnson

Coms 201  Chapter One Communication  • Systemic process (relates to a system) where individuals interact with and through symbols to create and interoperate meanings 1. Communication is a a system with multiple parts working together It only makes sense when you understand the parts as part of a whole 2. Process back and fourth, response and molding of information, communication is ongoing and changing, it’s live 3. Symbols how we interact with others and ourselves, representing something, words that represent meanings 4. Meaning It’s important to find meaning, but there are multiple ways of knowing and understanding a situation or framing a message. Meaning is constructed by different groups and people, and there’s not one way to understand something Knowledge is subjective People are the makers of meaning Why Do We Study Communications and Why Is It Relevant? 1. Personal Impact: Relevant to how we see ourselves fitting in different places (helps us figure out ho we will contribute to the world) 2. Relationship Impact: We learn how we build connections with others (Ex: work place hierarchy or family relationships) Why do we make certain decisions to make/sustain certain relationships 3. The Professional Impact: All fields use and need communication and it’s vital to know how to communicate effectively 4. The Cultural Impact: Being a citizen and contributing part of democracy Our place within our culture Belonging to various religious/ethnic/student communities Relationships and communication between cultures (cultural expectations/rules/roles) Key Concepts  1. Intrapersonal communication Internal with yourself Messages we send ourselves with making decisions and choosing paths 2. Interpersonal communication How we interact with others Symbols and gestures to communicate something The mishaps when there’s not a common understanding 3. Group or Team Communication (not as formal as organizational) Very complex and many components 4. Public Communication (Ex: Prof and class/politicians) Presenting information or engaging in learning Speaking to a big audience 5. Performance Formal: Stage/actors/musicians/teaching a class Everyday Life: The decisions we make everyday (what words we use when talking/how we dress/best timing/what do I want people to think of me/job interview/first date) We are always performing and choosing which arts of your identity you want people to see 6. Media and Technologies How we communicate has changed because of media with regards to speed 7. Organizational Communication How communications works within Workplaces and institutions The rules/expectations of communication within these places 8. Intercultural Communication Between Cultures It is Systemic  • It involves a group of interrelated parts that affect each other (i.e. a family) • Affected by history • Contains elements (environment/time) Meaning  • We create it • We talk to others to clarify our thoughts • We decide how to interpret non verbal behaviors • We label feelings to give them reality Mead  • We first see ourselves through the eyes of others • We’re talked into humanity • We gain identity through communicating with others • Use people’s first impressions of us for our self-image Identity and Communication  • Without interaction with others, we don’t know what it means to be human • The “wolf Boy” who associated with animals and not humans • People who lack close friends have higher anxiety and depression • More heart disease • Good relationships will most likely lead to good health (mental and physical) Relationships  • Difference between good and bad relationships is communication not problems • Duck: “Talk is the essence of relational maintenance” • Communication problems are the number one cause of divorce despite sex/age etc. Professional Impact  • Comp programming jobs look for people with communicatio
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