2016 update on eating disorders in athletes: a comprehensive narrative review with a focus on clinical assessment and management: compared to non-athletes, both female and male athletes are at higher risk of developing an eating disorder. Ed/de rates vary by sport (generally in sports with weight classes, aesthetic sports, and sports where having a low body mass is seen as advantageous. In general, male athletes have a lower prevalence of eating disorders than female athletes, but a higher prevalence than male non-athlete rates of eating disorders are increasing in the general population among individuals age 15 19 years old. Individuals affected by eating disorders commonly suffer from other mental health conditions, including depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder and substance use disorder. Limited data exists regarding the relationship between eating disorders and comorbid mental health conditions in female and male athletes. The contract specifies the criteria necessary to participate or return to sport.