KNES 437 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Peristalsis

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Impact of the gut microbiota, prebiotics, and probiotics on human health and disease. Introduction: more than 100 trillion (104) microbes inhabit the human gi tract 100 fold. In the stomach of healthy human adults, a relatively low number of bacteria can be found, approximately 104 colony forming units (cfu) per milliliter of gastric content: si acidic + relatively large amount of bacteria. Li ph is neutral and bowel transit time increases, which ensures that bacteria reach high numbers and are extremely diverse, and the environment is anaerobic (so many bacteria derive their energy anaerobically) Fatty acids are distributed to every organ by proteins, and can act as ligands regulate energy expenditure liver disease (nafld), and cognition. Impact of microbial fermentation products on the host: the gut microbiota is involved in the production of metabolites increase cvd risk and promote atherosclerosis.

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