PSYC 305 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Social Exchange Theory, Socioeconomic Status, Ingroups And Outgroups

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Prosocial behaviour any act performed with the goal of benefitting another person. Altruism the desire to help others, even if it involves a cost to you. Kin selection the idea that behaviour that helps a genetic relative is favoured by natural selection. Norm of reciprocity the expectation that helping others will increase the likelihood that they will help us in the future. Social exchange theory what we do stems from the desire to maximize our rewards and minimize our costs. People will help only when the benefits outweigh the costs. Empathy ability to experience evets and emotions the way another person experiences them. Empathy-altruism hypothesis the idea that when we feel empathy for a person, we will attempt to help them purely for altruistic reasons, regardless of what we have to gain. Altruistic personality aspects of a person"s makeup that cause him or her to help others in a wide variety of situations (individual differences)

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