Chapter 6 Pages 99113
Origins can be traced back to symbolic interactionism .
People attach meaning to themselves in relation to the physical and social world
George Herbert Mead and Charles Cooley
We interpret meanings of our own actions and those of others
the more attention a person who is deviant is given by society, the more likely they are to be deviant
No explanation as to why people engage in crime
Primary and secondary deviance
Primary we all do it and it is inconsequential ie. Drink from our parents liquor.
Secondary if the person is “tagged”, they may assume a deviant identity
Believe social labeling leads to crime
Does not mention how punishing offenders can deter them from offending again.
Does not consider illegal activity that occurs over a prolonged period of time.
Ex. of Paul Bernando
Rapist and serial killer
Denis Rader – BTK (blind torture kill)
Streaming in the school system
YCJA based on labeling theory Critical Criminology
Roots in conflict theory and Marxism
Conflict between bourgeoisie and proletariat
People cannot compete for a bigger piece of the pie
State maintains the interests of the working class
Working class crime is more reported than elite
Law is a powerful tool for maintaining class power and privilege
Laws created to pro