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Chapter 8

Week 6 - Harris Chapter 8.docx

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University of Guelph
ANTH 1150
Satsuki Kawano

Harris Chapter 8 - Domestic Life The Household and the Domestic Sphere of Culture -preparation+consumption of food, cleaning, grooming, teaching, disciplining young, sleeping, sex -not exclusively carried out in home ▯modern industrial societies—enculturation and education (non domestic buildings like school or day care) ▯village and band societies separate teen male children from the domestic scene to prepare for adulthood ▯In EastAfrica: teen boys separated from community and trained to assume duties for cattle herding and raiding ▯mothers and sisters cook and keep house until find wives, but they are always closely associated ▯special men’s houses—food is handed to them by kids and wives but they cannot actually enter ▯Ashanti of WestAfrica: men eat meals with sisters, mothers, maternal nephews and nieces (not wives and kids—who did the cooking) ▯Zambuga peasants of the EcuadorianAndes—couples have sex in the fields during courtship, when they get married they make a small hut joined to their parents house where they sleep and have sex but still eat and cook in parents kitchen -first children are cared for by the couples parents, only after several children they make their own house and nurture -members of households share food, labour, resources -consensus and cooperation Family Groups and the Mode of Production and Reproduction Nuclear Family ▯husband, wife, children -regulate sexual activity -support in reproduction and nursing -socialization of children by both sexes -cooperation in subsistence because of the sexual division of labour -most anthropologists believe other groups can fulfill these functions -nuclear families prevalent in small scale hunting gathering societies—high level of mobility, they move on their own but unite with others when resources are abundant Polygamous Families -most cultures do not follow monogamy ▯polygamy: marriage to more than 1 spouse at a time ▯polygyny: several wives share a husband ▯polyandry: several husbands share a wife -common in horticulture societies—women responsible for production(value) ▯Sororal polygyny: man marries two or more sisters -machigienga prefers—close kinship and cooperation -land abundant and little rank or stratification -senior wives enjoy superior status -men responsible for most reproduction Polyandry -less then 1% of societies—Nepal, Tibet, India The Extended Family -several related nuclear families and may include sibilings and their spouses and their children or parents and married children ▯traditional Chinese extended family: senior couple manages the household -senior couple arranges marriages -women brought in as wives are in direct control of mother in law —outsiders and trea
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