ANTH 2230 Chapter Notes -Toussaint Louverture, Guerrilla Warfare, Peon
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Chapter 2 – The War Refugees
-Manno was the first person on Do Kay to die of aids
-4 decades ago Do Kay (a small settlement in the hills of Haiti) had not a house in sight
-Most of its older inhabitants did not attend school – do not read or write
oMost live in 2 room houses, dirt floors and plots of land that yield slowly diminishing returns - no
tractors, electricity or cars
oIf you had no education you got nothing, those who were literate were the ones who got paid
oCorruption and graft also played a huge role in who received reimbursements
-Before 1956 there was no Do Kay, the area was a desert
-For years life was bitter for refugees – floods occurred and roads were put in that created explosives “we were
afraid we’d be crushed by crashing rocks that came down with no warning.”
-1956 was a time of hell for the refugees
Ch. 3: The Remembered Valley
1. What does Farmer mean by the phrase “crisis in meaning”?
•He is referring to their spirituality; some lost their faith all together, while others believed that the Iwa (spirits)
weren’t as responsive because the they weren’t able to supply them with “food”
•Not only does dispersion and its effects on spirituality affect the Kay area, but also everywhere in Haiti
•When scattered peasants find themselves unable to counter the machinations of far-off or unknown oppressors,
the resulting inequity is likely to give rise to accusations of sorcery
2. What is the relevance of this chapter?
•There is a dehumanizing effect of rootlessness and of poverty; the dam’s dehumanizing effects were felt among
•Bitterness was born of the dislocation leading to feuds and sorcery accusations
•An understanding of sorcery is of great significance to understandings of illness causation in the Kay area today
1. The Arawakan-speaking Taino people inhabited Ayiti when Columbus arrived in 1492.
2. The original inhabitants were cut down by disease and the rest through peonage (tribute of gold per adult,
which was impossible to fulfill). Slavery killed the rest at a very fast rate. They went from 8 million at close of
15th century to 5000 in 1530 and none when the French arrived 50 years later.
3. By 1540, 30000 Africans imported to Hispaniola by the Spanish. The Western 1/3 of island ceded to France,
who called it Saint-Domingue and the rest was inhabited by Spanish and their slaves. There were no more
natives at this time.
4. Francois Macandal was a maroon who ran away from his plantation after his hand was severed in the sugar
mill. He was held responsible for deaths of several whites by poison. He was also accused of teaching the art of
poison and having agents throughout the colony. He was burned at the stake with his ‘accomplices’.