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ANTH 2660 (10)
Chapter 6

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ANTH 2660
Edward Hedican

Chapter 6 Development in Aboriginal Communities Economic Strategies and PoliciesIntroductionThe chapter focuses on Cree communities from northern QuebecDevelopment in anthropology means the study of economic change with an accent on its crosscultural perspectiveoThere are many different ways it can be interpreted and you cant use per capital growth to define it because that would be too broad to incorporated cultural practicesoOur perception of development is westernized and so causes problems because it isnt culture and tradition specific oDevelopment for many people it is the means to achieve greater independent from outside controlled goods and service Goldschmidts approach to development is that it should be built on cultural values and motivations to harness existing sentiments for development And social and cultural factors should be incorporated into planningoBasically there are reasons why development has to re reconsidered form the vantage point of anthropologistsViews on Development The James Bay Project a good example of developmental disaster because it was considered it capitalist exploitationoSeen as the assertion of the French identity in North AmericaoAswan Peace River and James Bay were all negative developments that showed the worse in modern society greed exploitation of minorities domination by corporate America oIn the end the JBP did not make much of a difference as it gave aboriginals what people on welfare getand their homes got flooded and they had to move oBasically there is a variety of perception in development and these perception are culturally constructed and Is based on ones history Cress also saw development as a white mans activity and a disrespectful way to treat nature Progress always has its victims Developments and the politics of dependency Study of Indian welfare in Canada Huge Shewell called Enough to Keep Them Alive he surveyed a century of social assistance and relief policies developed by Canadas department of Indian affairs oAboriginal dependency is not only about economic deprivation and unemployment but also because of effect of government trying to erode the culture and politics of first nations o2 phases of Indian welfare 1 subjugation phase the period from Canadian confederation to the end of second world warrelief for aboriginal people was only provided after crises
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