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Environmental Design and Rural Development
EDRD 3120

Federations - In 1944, the Ontario Teachers Federation (OTF) was created. It became an umbrella organization for its affiliates. Present day, its affiliates include: Elementary Teachers’ Federation of Ontario (ETFO), Ontario Secondary School Teachers’ Federation (OSSTF), Ontario English Catholic Teachers’ Association (OECTA), and Association des enseignantes et des enseignants franco- ontariens. All teachers in public and separate boards are members of an OTF affiliate. In addition to the present-day collective bargaining function of the affiliates, they also play a role as secondary policy actors Curriculum Policy - In Ontario, pertinent legislation about the education system appears in The Education Act, and Regulations within the Act (which have the force of law) provide legal authority for governance. The Education Act also defines roles of administrators, teachers, students and parents. In addition, the Ministry also creates “policy documents” which, while not legislation, provide directives to boards and educators. Curriculum policy documents fall into this category. Unlike legislation, policy documents do not have to be approved by the House of Commons. - Policy documents identify the credits required for students to graduate (in OSS), as well as the curriculum to be taught for each course. - A format/template for courses organizes each course into 3-5 strands, each representing a unit or theme of study. Each strand has 5 overall expectations. Each overall expectation is then linked to a sub-organizer within the strand, which appears as heading. Each sub-organizer contains 3-5 specific expectations. Most courses contain 80-130 student learning expectations. Ontario’s Initiatives to Promote Student Success - As of June 2004, only 33% of students go on to post-secondary. Others don’t graduate (33
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