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Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 1010
Robin Milhausen

Chapter 1: An Invitation to Health and Wellness HEALTH AND WELLNESS  Greek god of health and father of medicine: Asklepios (Aesculapius) with daughters: o Panacea: believe best way to help ppl is by treat illness o panacea: to heal, a remedy for all difficulties, a cure-all  Hygeia beliee imp to teach ppl how to live so not become ill  Hygiene: healthy; akin to well and to living; maintain health First Nations Health and Wellness Holism: an emphasis on the interconnectedness between an individual and his/her mind, body, spirit.  “In the Words of Elders” book, says: elders stories and lessons state that imp. For us to live the way of good life (teachings of creator)…through relationship b/w us and mother earth and balanced living , able to live o writer believes balance between organism and environ. and holism makes us think about health and wellness differently o we (actions) responsible for health and wellness, not from another  First Nations Medicine Wheel: to balance four aspects of self: physical, mental, emotional, spiritual o NORTH(spiritual): winter, action (behavior), white, strength, rock o EAST (physical): spring, vision, yellow, kindness, eagle o SOUTH (mental): summer, knowledge, red, honesty, tree o WEST(emotional): fall, reason (emotional response), black (blue), sharing, animal (medicine) HEALTH AND HEALTH PROMOTION  WHO(World Health Organization) shaped understanding of health &show imp. to prevent o =declaration: enjoyment of high standard of health is fundamental right of evry person o WHO define health: not absence of disease/infirmity but state of full physical, mental, and social well-being  In Lalonde Report show lifestyle and environmental factors on health= Health Field Concept (4 elements: human biology, environment, lifestyle, and health care organizations o Report made medical leaders realize that while med. system support health of Canadians, a lot of $ go to treat disease that cud be prevented  Canada move from measure health status by morbidity(disease) and mortality rates to see health as part of everyday living  1 International conf. on health promotion in Ottawa to expand WHO definition of health o Ottawa Charter for Health promotion  Health promotion: process of allowing ppl to increase control and improve their health  Not just responsibility of health sector, goes beyond healthy lifestyles to wellbeing  Health is resource for everyday life, not objective of living  Report (Health for All: A Framework for Health Promotion) showed: o 3 health challenges: reducing inequities, increase prevention effort, enhance ppls capacity to cope o 3 mechanisms to health promotion: self care (decision/actions we take in interest of own health), mutual aid (actions ppl take to help each other cope), healthy environ.s (making conditions/surroundings conductive to health  carried out w/ public participation, stronger health services, public health policy  The Health Belief Model: help explain/predict behavior through social, ecological, environmental factors  Precede Proceed Model: assess health and quality of life (behavior etc) and determine how to reinforce health, and gives health education  Quality of Life Model *: the degree to which person enjoy imp. possibilities in life; o 3 life domains: Being (focus on one’s physical, psychological, and spiritual function), Belonging (connection of one to environment), Becoming (maintain and enhance skills)  Canadian Institute for Health Information: non profit org. : give info on health standards, spending, and research. (special project by CIHI: Canadian Population Health Initiative)  The Public Health Agency: national and works to keep Canadians healthy & reduce healthcare costs(prevent chronic diseases and respond quick to outbreaks); renews healthcare system to ensure sustainability  The Canadian Institutes of Health Research: funds health research in Canada to strengthen health care system  The First Nations, Inuit & Aboriginal Health (branch of Health Canada) public health and health-promotion services to them on reserves/communities and info on nutrition, diabetes etc  Final Report: Building on Values: The Future of Health Care in Canada o Changes to health care system were recommended so system sustained for the long term  Update Canada Health act, funding in healthcare issues, aboriginal health care etc  Many changes have not been carried out yet  ParticipACTION: national non profit organization whose mission: active Canadian society o Through public media messaging, educational info in schools/work/fitness facilities etc  Physical and Health Education Canada: encourage/ educate for quality physical and health education programs(ie. Quality Daily Physical Education , Comprehensive School Health) in school and community environments (recreational settings)  Provincial gov in Canada develop intitiatives: ie.Healthy Living Ontario, Act Now BC,Healthy Living  Wharf Higgins research: focus on ppl’s : o Life Choices: our decision on lifestyle and ways to live-active, healthy, smoke free, social- influenced by life chances and circumstances o Chances: what born with frame our health and life choices-ethnicity, sex, experiences, relatives (opportunities rents afford and give for us) o Circumstances: where we live what we do, and the trust and respect we feel in settings that support our wellbeing  Research: mother’s involved in heart health project and saw that their lifestyle (health sacrificed to provide for kids-smoking); Nutrition for You Initiative (programs by dietitians to improve knowledge on nutrition= eat healthier)  Epidemiology: study of how often diseases occur in diff groups of ppl and why o Use info. to prevent disease and guide doctors/healthcare providers dealing w/ disease o Many careers in field: examine distribution of disease in pop. (descriptive epid.) or do study on hypothesized causal factor (analytical epidemiology) WELLNESS AND THE WELLNESS MOVEMENT Wellness: deliberate lifestyle choice involving personal responsibility and optimal boost in physical, mental, spiritual health; taking steps to prevent illness and being able to live life to fullest  Halbert Dunn (pioneer of wellness movement): based on WHO’s def., defined: health: a passive state of balance; wellness: dynamic process of moving  one’s ability for optimal functioning  Wellness dependent on 1: direction/progress to higher potential of functioning; 2: total individual (physical, mental, emotional, social, spiritual); 3: function & adapt for daily living and times of crisis.  Dr. John Travis move from disease to prevention by founding first Wellness Resource Center  Believe many of us at neutral point (not ill but able to improve) and said wellness is decision to move to optm. Health and well being  Illness/Wellness Continuum  Hettler: believed health care can improve w/ health promotion activities and educational opportunities that encourage self-care (ie. Lifestyle Assessment Questionnaire)  SIX DIMENSIONS OF WELLNESS: Social Dimension  Contributing to society, helping others and valuing interdependence b/w ourselves and our environment  We seek ways to develop personal relationships, celebrate friendships, build healthy communities (ie. Peer helping enforce alcohol laws, special event planning)  Ppl w/ connection to others more likely to have secure attachment style and benefit from supportive relationships. Occupational Dimension  Finding enrichment in work improves well being: Great attitude about job (contribute skills to community and enjoy work that is meaningful/rewarding) &job consistent w/ personal values, interests, beliefs= satisfied Spiritual Dimension  Identifying our basic purpose in life: learn how to experience love, joy etc & help ourselves and others to potential  More spiritual (connectedness, power,..)= stronger awareness of inner selves  Can mean connection to religion/faith= strong feeling of belonging to community (those attend church often), lower bp, better immune system Physical Dimension  Physical wellness met through participate in physical activity=good weight and bmi and avoid harmful behaviors (drug use)  Aerobic conditioning: walk, run cycle, swim = heart healthy; strength training, calisthenics= muscle strength; stretching=flexible  Followed= connection b/w body, mind, and spirit Intellectual Dimension  Ability to think and learn from life experience, your openness to new ideas, and your capacity to question and evaluate info.  Brain capable of self awareness; use mind to get, process, act on info, think, make decisions, fix probs...  Cherish intellectual growth and stimulation, challenge our minds= productive Emotional Dimension  Degree to which one feels positive and enthusiastic about oneself and life  Aware/accept range of feelings in you and others and able to express/control it  work around limitations and cope with stressors  able to work independent but see imp. to ask help when needed (know good to work interdependently as well and celebrate what relationships base on (trust, respect..) HEALTH CHALLENGES What is Average Life Expectancy?  Before, avrg woman: 50.9 yrs and man: 47.9 yrs cus infectious diseases(small pox,tuberculosis) especially on young and poor; high % women die during or after childbirth  Now, seniors in Canada: 14.1% of population (4% over 80) and 20% by 2026  Combined avrg life expectancy(male and female) increase to 80.7  Life expectancy at birth: m=78.3 , f=83 (Canada is 2 highest after Japan and US last)  Health challenges: o trends continue= 2leading causes of death are cancer and heart disease, chronic lower respiratory diseases and type 2 diabetes (overweight) o research: where we live have impact on our lives (years of potential life lost > in north of canada cus of unintentional and self caused injuries o hypertension (high bp) is major contributor of poor health in 1/5 Canadians o mental health issues: 5% experience symptoms relating to a major depressive event Does Sex and Gender Matter?  Sex: a classification, generally as male and female, according to reproductive organs and functions
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