FRHD*1010 Chapter 11

5 Pages
152 Views

Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 1010
Professor
Susan Chuang

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Description
FRHD*1010 th nd October 27 – November 2 2013 Chapter 11: Emerging Adulthood – Body, Mind & Social World Emerging Adulthood: The period of life between ages 18-25. It’s widely thought of as a separate development stage  Many people seek higher education & explore their identity by postponing marriage, parenthood & career Biosocial Development  Age 18-25 are prime for hard physical work & successful reproduction  Now a days during emerging adulthood, societies, families and young adults expect more education, later marriage and fewer kids then 50 years ago  These trends are everywhere  For most workers, desk & factory work has replaced hard labor  Birth rate has fallen Strong & Active Bodies  Health has not changed except maybe improved  Every human body system including the respiratory, digestive, circulatory & sexual-reproductive systems function optimally at the beginning of adulthood  Serious diseases are not yet apparent and some childhood ailments are outgrown  Serious health problems from childhood do last  Trends towards better diets and regular exercise that improves mental & physical health  During early adulthood the immune system is strong & fights off everything from sniffles to cancer & responds well to vaccines  Death from heart disease rare in emerging adulthood Fertility, Then & Now  Sexual-reproductive system is at its strongest during emerging adulthood  Sex drive is powerful  Fertility is optimal, miscarriage less common, serious birth complications are unusual Premarital Sex  Modern contraception makes it possible for people to have sex without pregnancy  Trend towards people accepting premarital sex compared to before  Few young adults think living together before marriage s bad for society, even though most older adults think it is Sexual Diseases  Premarital sex and single motherhood are controversial  Sexual freedom increase STIs w/ half of all new cases worldwide occurring in people younger than 26 Globalization accelerates every contagious disease including STIs  International travel means an STI caught by an infected worker in one place quickly spreads to young adults thousands of miles away  Within pat 20 years, HIV has become a worldwide epidemic w/ more female than male victims  Worldwide young adults are the prime STI vectors  Since 2010, AIDs epidemic has been slowing Taking Risks Benefits & Liabilities  Societies and individuals benefit from risk-taking in emerging adulthood  Enrolling in college, moving, marriage having kids… are all risky but beneficial  Starting a business, entering contest, joining army, rescuing stranger etc.  Risk taking is often destructive due to accidents 1  Low rate of disease between 18-25 is counterbalanced by a high rate of severe injury and violent death  Age is always a factor in suicide, homicide and accidents Risky Sports  Many young adults seek rush of risk-taking through recreation  Climb mountains, swim in oceans, bungee-jump etc.  Competitive extreme sports are thrilling to emerging adults Drug Abuse Drug Abuse: The ingestion of a drug to the extent that it impairs the user’s biological or psychosocial well-being  Even 1-time use can be abusive if it leads to danger such as driving or walking into traffic  More often, abusers are often addicts (need drug to feel OK)  Part of the attraction for emerging adults is taking the drug to feel dizzy, high or out-of-body  Adds to thrill if authority disapproves  Most street sellers of drugs are pretty young & they often quit, go to prison or are killed before middle age  Illegal drug use peak is at age 20 and then declines sharply afterwards Cognitive Development  Formal operational though is continued lifelong  Adult thinking is different from adolescent as its more practical, flexible and they are better able to coordinate objective & subjective perspectives Postformal Thought Postformal Thought: A proposed adult stage of cognitive development (following Piaget’s 4 stages).  Goes beyond adolescent thinking by being more practical, flexible and more dialectical  Characterized by “problem finding” Combining Emotions & Logic  Adolescents use 2 modes of thinking: (1) formal analysis to learn science, develop arguments and resolve problems and (2) emotional thinking  Rarely coordinate the 2 modes  Post formal thinkers are less impulsive than adolescents  Take more flexible & comprehensive approach  Post formal thought is more practical as well as more creative and imaginative than thinking in other stages Really a stage?  Almost every contemporary scientists finds fault with some aspect of Piaget’s theory of child cognition  Especially his notion that the final & best thinking is formal operational and achieved at adolescence has gotten a lot of criticism  Similar problems occur w. Postformal thought  The prefrontal cortex isn’t fully mature until the early 20s and new dendrites and even new neurons grow throughout adulthood  Enables adults to think in ways adolescents don't yet Countering Stereotypes  Cognitive flexibility, particularly the ability to change one’s childhood assumptions is needed to counter stereotypes  Daily life of young adults is to be flexible and adapt  Cognitive flexibility allows people to recognize their underlying emotional biases and then to change their behaviour to be in accord w/ their rational thought Stereotype Threat: Possibility that one’s appearance or behaviour will be misread to confirm another person’s oversimplified, prejudiced attitudes  May interfere w/ emerging adults by creating anxiety, fear, and disrupting logic  Can create vicious cycle The Effects of College 2  Lots of people postpone the usual markers of adult life (marriage, steady job etc.) Massification  Tertiary education improves health & education  On average a college degree adds approx. $20,000/year to a worker’s salary  College grads on average of healthier, live about 10 years longer than those without a high school diploma  Result of bette
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit