Chapter 1 FRHD 1010

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University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 1010
Susan Chuang

1 FRHD 1010-Human Development Chapter 1: A Cultural Approach to Human Development Human Development -Human Development - the ways people grow and change across the lifespan -Culture -the total pattern of a group’s customs, beliefs, art and technology -a group’s common way of life, passed on from one generation to the next -extremely important to human development -Biology is also important in human development -Globalization -increasing connections between different parts of the world in trade, travel, migration and communication -The cultural approach to human development is useful in many areas of life -Helps in communication, understanding others’ perspectives, and in understanding one’s own place in the world Humanity Today: A Demographic Profile -The most striking demographic feature today is the size of the world’s population -The population began to notably increase about 10,000 years ago -400 years ago the world’s population reached 500 million and surpassed 7 billion in 2011, expected to reach 9 billion by 2050 -The population is continuing to increase at an astonishing rate -Total Fertility Rate -the number of births/woman in a population -used to predict future size of population -Replacement rate = 2.1 = number of births/woman required for a stable population -current TFR = 2.8 (significantly higher than the replacement rate, so population is expected to increase), but the TFR is declining -There is a global demographic divide between economically developed countries (<26% of pop) and economically developing countries (majority) -Developed -the world’s most economically developed and affluent countries with the highest median incomes and education levels -Developing -the majority of countries which have lower median incomes and education levels than developed countries but are experiencing rapid economic growth -Most population growth will take place in developing countries -The US is one if few developed countries with a rising population -TFR = 2.0 which is slightly below replacement rate, but still higher than other developed countries -US population is rising due to immigration (inc. millions of undocumented immigrants) -Population decline is steepest in Japan low TFR and virtually no immigration -Other differences between developed and developing countries: -Income –generally low in developing countries -20% of world population lives on
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