Chapter One - Human Development

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University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 1010
Susan Chuang

Chapter OneA cultural Approach to Human Development Human Development way people grow and change across the life span includes peoples biological cognitive psychological and social functioningCulture total pattern of a groups customs beliefs art and technology y A culture is a groups common way of life passed on from generation to the next y Influences how we develop how we behave how we see the world and how we experience lifeGlobalization the increasing connections between different parts of the world in trade travel migration and communicationTotall Fertility Rate TFR in a population the number of births per woman y Worldwide TFR is currently 28 y Replacement rate of a stable population is 21 y Worldwide TFR will decline to 21 by 2050 if current trends continue y Nearly all population growth in the decades to come will take place in the economically developing countries y Nearly all wealthy countries are expected to decline in population during this period and beyond because they have current fertility rates that are well below replacement rateDeveloped Countries worlds most economically developed and affluent countries with the highest median levels of income and educationDeveloping Countries countries that have lower levels of income and education than developed countries but are experiencing rapid economic growthy Current population of developed countries is 12 billion about 18 of the total world population y Developing countries is about 58 billion about 82Two reasons why the United States is following a different demographic path than most other developed countries as they are likely to gain rather than lose population 1 Total fertility rate of 20 slightly below replacement level but still higher than the TFR in most other developed countries 2 Allows more legal immigration than most developed countries doEducation Contrast between the rich and the poor y Developed countries virtually all children obtain primary and secondary education and about 50 go on to tertiary education
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