Chapter 1 Notes - What is a Family?.docx

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Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 1020
Professor
Tuuli Kukkonen

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Chapter 1 Notes: What is a Family? What is a Family? Household: people who occupy the same dwelling Communal living: a group of people, who may or may not be related by birth or marriage, sharing financial resources and living arrangements - statistics Canada definition of census family: refers to a married couple (with or without children of either or both spouses), a couple living common law (with or without children of either or both partners), or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child living in the same dwelling; a couple living common-law may be of opposite or same sex; children may be by birth, marriage, or adoption; “children” in a census family includes grandchildren living with their grandparent(s), but with no parents present - united church of Canada definition of family: persons who are joined together by reasons of mutual consent (marriage, social contract, or covenant) or by birth or adoption or placement - nuclear family usually regarded as married parents and their children Thinking About Families Theory: provides a general framework of ideas that can be used to answer questions about the world How Does Society Influence Families? - Ecology theory involves interlocking systems that influence each other at four levels: 1) Microsystem – consists of the small groups in which people interact face-to- face 2) Mesosystem – made up of the relationships between two or more groups of which the individual is a member Example: a child’s mesosystem might consist of the relationship between family and daycare centre 3) Exosystem – a setting in which individuals do not take an active part, but which has an effect on them through the mesosystem or microsystem Example: for children, it could consist of expectations in a parent’s workplace or decisions made by the school board 4) Macrosystem – consists of a society’s ideology and culture Example: most social policies are based on assumptions concerning relationships between the sexes, such as the division of labour between males and females both inside and outside the family Macro or Micro? - macro theories principally study the values of society and the way those values affect fa
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