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Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 1020
Robyn Pitman

 Aristotle worried that too much self discipline would stifle child’s initiative and creativity and would make them unfit leaders  Plato believed that knowledge could not be a result of experience because human senses are too capable of mistakes  Plato instead believed that humans are born with innate knowledge of many things such as animals and people as well as abstract concepts of love, courage and goodness  Plato believed that sensory experiences trigger knowledge they have has since birth (the first time a child sees a dog, her innate knowledge allows her to recognize it, no learning necessary)  Aristotle believed that knowledge is rooted perceptual experience, children acquire knowledge piece by piece  Aristotle also supported the idea of tabula rasa  John Locke believed in tabula rasa and that one’s experiences and interactions mold them into a unique individual  Locke believes that parent’s authority should lessen as they grow  Rousseau challenges Locke’s views  R believed that children are born with a natural sense of morality and justice that unfolds as they grow  Rousseau’s main concern was to have a caregiver/ parent that was receptive to the child’s needs  In the industrial revolution, children were often put to work in horrible conditions, reformers strived to take these children out of the workforce and put them in school  Darwin’s publication of the theory of evolution was also one of the major events that set the stage for the emergence of child development as a science  Stanley Hall was the first person to create a journal where people could publish findings regarding child development and other various accomplishments  Alfred Binet began to devise the first mental tests for children  Freud was the first to suggest that experiences in childhood would largely shape the results of personality later in life  John Watson, the founder of behaviorism, began to write about the importance of reward- punishment in childrearing  James Baldwin opened the first psych lab in Canada at U of T, and believed that Freud focused too much on observation (Baldwin focused much mo
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