Textbook - Chapter 5 (Children - Yes or No?)

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Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 1020
Sarah Murray

Class FRHD1020 Couple and Family RelationshipsProfessorS MurrayTextbookThe Family DynamicA Canadian Perspective Fifth EditionAuthorsMargaret Ward and Marc BelangerPublisherNelsonISBN 9780176502003Chapter 5 ChildrenYes or NoLearning ObjectivesTo place the decision to have or not have children in the family life cycleTo look at the historical background of the choice to have childrenTo examine possible choices for those who do not want the children they conceiveTo explore options available to those who are childless involuntarily and to consider ethical issues around these optionsENLARGING THE FAMILY CIRCLEHaving a child is a marker eventFirst time parents responsible for another personRoles play a factor Single parentssudden transition from childhood to adulthoodThe social scriptMyth of motherhoodan instinct that can fulfill a woman in a way no other experience can Bearing and raising children can provide satisfaction unlike any other life experienceIf you do not have childrenantisocial or psychologically defective in some way unsatisfied in marriageMust have child of each sex for wellrounded family Similar to structuralfunctional concept of four role types in familyadult male and female and child male and femaleWithout all four family is felt to be incompleteChildfree by choice7 to 8 choose childless postponement of parenthood may lead eventually to decision of not having a child By 40 more than 10 remain childless1 Fear that the husbandwife relationship will be damaged 2 women do not want to sacrifice career 3 want to keep options open for new experiences 4 voluntarily childless are more interested in learning about the world 5 some do not have a partner they want to have children withTHE SHRINKING FAMILYHistorically family provided the only social security system if it failed they depended on charityLarge families were necessary as many children died and someone needed to care for the aging parentsfarmShrinking families hasnt been constantGreat Depressionlow birth rate Baby boomhigh birth rate births continued to fall until 2002 and there has been a modest increase sinceIn order to replace the population each woman must have 21 children has been the level since 1977 whereas we are doing a rate of 154 childrenIn Canada all births to unwed mothers were classified as illegitimate until 1974 and now its just considered out of wedlockLongitudinal Survey of Children and Youththose born in 19831984154 had unmarried parents 19931994291 2001200359Immigration helping to maintain Canadian population Figure 51Fertility Rate by Age Group Canada 19262005Why is the family shrinkingMedical advances global economic trends and various psychosocial reasons
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