Textbook - Chapter 6 (Bringing Up Baby)

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Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 1020
Sarah Murray

Class FRHD1020 Couple and Family RelationshipsProfessorS MurrayTextbookThe Family DynamicA Canadian Perspective Fifth EditionAuthorsMargaret Ward and Marc BelangerPublisherNelsonISBN 9780176502003Chapter 6Bringing up Baby Learning ObjectivesTo explain the place of socialization in the family life cycleTo consider the key role parents play in the socialization of children both through their own involvement and through their control over childrens environmentsTo look at the influence of other family members on the socialization of childrenTo examine the interplay of society and the family in the area of socializationSOCIALIZATION IN THE LIFE CYCLESocializationthe process of passing on to new members a cultures ways of thinking and acting mainly occurs in childhood but does not stop at childhood expected to share values and norms of society rules of behaviour learning through observation and instructionhow to survive treat others who they are socialization occurs first with familiesStructuralfunctional how transmission of cultural norms ensures stability of both families and societyConflictfeminist theorists inequities in society are maintained from one generation to the nextSymbolicinteractionist shaping occurs through daytoday interactions among members of familySystems theorists family subsystems and boundaries shape childrenTHE SOCIALIZATION SMORGASBORDYou can only learnobserve from what is presented but dont need to take everythingThe levels of physical maturation intellectual development and social experiences help determine whether a child can understand and comply with socially approved behaviour toilet training involves physical aspects social involvement involves reading social cues childs development stage affects ability to profit from experiencesWHAT ARE CHILDREN WORTHHow we socialize children reflects what we expect of their future and the value we place on them Economic resourcechild labour training love and closenessemotional developmentHistorically in Canada children were employed on farms in cities they helped with familyrun businesses boys worked in street trades shoe polishing or selling newspapers1882 children aged 510 working in manufacturing and some as young as 2 had been hired in the pastNot safeeasy jobs th20 centuryeconomically worthless but emotionally pricelessprovide emotional satisfaction for parents Medical professionals began to offer advice to mothers on how to raise healthy children Science to explain behaviourParents anxiety over raising children increasedPoorminority families intruded upon professionals offer unwanted help if childcare did not conform to scientific methods may lose childrenDionne family and the quintupletswards of the province separated from parents raised according to best standards of experts in Toronto which was counter to rural FrenchCanadian society Residential school program for Aboriginal childrenChildhood regarded as a special time development of school childrens recreation and medical facilities own court system and judicial process government protection Youth Criminal Justice ActTable 61Childrens Developmental stages and Expanding World StagesDevelopmental StagesPsychosocial CrisesRadius of Significant RelationsInfancyBasic trust vs basic mistrustMaternal personEarly ChildhoodAutonomy vs shame doubtParental persons
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