Textbook - Chapter 9 (The Lone-Parent Family)

4 Pages

Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 1020
Sarah Murray

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Class FRHD1020 Couple and Family RelationshipsProfessorS MurrayTextbookThe Family DynamicA Canadian Perspective Fifth EditionAuthorsMargaret Ward and Marc BelangerPublisherNelsonISBN 9780176502003Chapter 9 The LoneParent FamilyThe Majority FutureLearning ObjectivesTo look at the place of single parenthood in the family life cycleTo consider variations in single parenthoodTo examine the quality of life of singleparent families including that of the childrenTo explore two special groups of single parentsthe very young mother and the single fatherNorth American society expects adults in the family to come in pairs of opposite sex Noahs Ark Syndrome Lone parent families may be considered broken or incomplete More than 80 of loneparent families had women as the head of the family Between 19661991 loneparent families increased 269 number of husbandwife families increased 1472006159 of families were loneparent families 258 of those with children One in five children born in the 1960s had lived in a singleparent home by age 12 for children born in the 1970s age 8 born in the 1980s and by age 5 for those born in the 1990s which eludes to younger ages for those in the future 2006159 of Canadian families were loneparent families but the actual proportion of Canadian families who have ever experienced lone parenthood is much higherLoneparenthood is often temporaryIncreased unmarried mothers fewer teen moms are married or put child up for adoption 1931less than half of 1 of loneparent families were the result of births to unmarried women in contrast to 22 in 1996Society focuses on individualism and selfgratification not on responsibility Children are separate from marriageDivorce rates have increased dramatically support for parents and family benefits exist cohabitation has increased nonmarital sex is increasingly acceptedMost of the figures on lone parenthood are based on numbers for the total population in Canada or on studies of the white majority2001 Censushigher proportion of black children aged 114 lived with one parent 46 than Canadian children in general 18 35 of Aboriginal children lived in singleparent homes compared to 17 of all children according to Stats Canada 2008Table 91LoneParent Families in Canada 19912006YearTotal LoneParent FamiliesMale ParentFemale ParentNoNoNo1991 953640129165240173 78839582719961137510145192275169 945230831200113111901572458251871065360813200614141001592814061991132694801THE PATH OF SINGLE PARENTHOOD1951665 of lone parents were widowed only 15 never legally married2006295 of lone parents divorced 31 in 1951 Divorce laws changed in 1981 and 1986 now easier and more acceptableLife patterns of nevermarried divorced and widowed female lone parents vary and may have less in common than imaginedPoor nevermarried women with several children older professional women who have chosen to be lone parents widowed men and women divorcedDifferencesinclude age at which person
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