Textbook - Chapter 14 (Abuse and Violence in the Family)

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Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course
FRHD 1020
Professor
Sarah Murray
Semester
Winter

Description
Class FRHD1020 Couple and Family RelationshipsProfessorS MurrayTextbookThe Family DynamicA Canadian Perspective Fifth EditionAuthorsMargaret Ward and Marc BelangerPublisherNelsonISBN 9780176502003Chapter 14 Home Dangerous HomeAbuse and Violence in the Family Learning ObjectivesTo place family violence in historical perspectiveTo look at child abuse characteristics of victims and abusers and the response of societyTo look at partner abuse characteristics of victims and abusers reasons people stay in abusive relationships and the response of societyTo look at elder abuse characteristics of victims and abusers and the response of societyTo consider theories about abuseTo think about ways of preventing family violenceHome is the one place where we should feel protected and safeWHAT IS FAMILY VIOLENCEViolence refers to many actions ranging from throwing things to shoving and punching to using a knife or a gunVerbal abuseintimidatingWho does it whom is it directed to Does physical punishment equal child abuseDefinitions are importantViolence is an act intended to physically hurt another person Abuse refers to a situation in which a person takes advantage of a less powerful person includes neglect sexual and emotional abuse financial exploitation physical violenceCHILD ABUSEHistory of Child AbuseHistorically children were considered property of their parents especially of their fathers Fathers decided who they would marry whether they would livedie Infanticidekilling of babieswas considered a form of birth controlParents and teachers used to punish children physically children seen as basically bad and punishment could transform them into Godfearing individualsSexual exploitation was commonarranged marriages consummated before girls reached puberty Ancient Greecemen to use boys for sexual pleasure nobilitymost boys would take adult lovers who would train them to be soldiersMost abuse was overlooked privacy of own homeChildrens Aid Society formed in Toronto in 1891 At for the Prevention of Cruelty to and Better Protection of Children passed in Ontario in 1893initial concerns centred on child employment and substitute caregiversC Henry Kempe coined term battered child syndrome in the 1960s mandatory laws passed By late 1970s 9 of 12 provincialterritorial jurisdictions passed laws and rest set up monitoring programs December 1991 Canada signed and ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child What is Child AbuseBattering produces serious physical injuries severe neglect sexual exploitation child witnessing parents violence is now considered abuse 2003 46 of sexual abuse cases involved indecent exposureAll definitions assume that appropriate standards of behaviour for parents existProblemstandards vary over time what is appropriate discipline cultural variations social groups variationsome may consider abusiveneglectful and others may consider it responsible parentingHard to detectemotional abuse psychological aggression and neglectMost laws allow parents to use reasonable force against children Criminal Code of Canada allows physical disciplineWhen is it reasonable when is it abusive
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