Textbook - Appendix (Sociological Perspectives)

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University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 1020
Sarah Murray

Class FRHD1020 Couple and Family RelationshipsProfessorS MurrayTextbookThe Family DynamicA Canadian Perspective Fifth EditionAuthorsMargaret Ward and Marc BelangerPublisherNelsonISBN 9780176502003APPENDIXMajor Sociological TheoriesDIFFERENT PERSPECTIVESTheories that focus on largescale social forces are macrosociological those that focus on the details of interaction between people are microsociologicalAugust Comte 17981857father of sociologystudy of social groups using scientific means laws of society could be discoveredFour major schools of sociology 1 structural functionalism 2 conflict theory 3 symbolic interactionism and 4 feminist theoriesSTRUCTURAL FUNCTIONALISMMain Ideas 1Structural functionalism is a macrolevel perspective2Society is a complex structure made up of many interrelated parts3Each part of the structure has a functionit does something to help the system keep running4All the parts are connected so that changes in one part will affect the other parts5Institutions exist and persist because they help society survive6Societies require solidarity Mechanical solidarity typical of tradition preindustrial societies is based on being alikeOrganic solidarity typical of modern industria
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