Chapter 6 Couple and Family Relations

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Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 1020
Sarah Murray

Chapter 6Couple and Family ParentsThe First Socializes Parents are the single most powerful influence in socialization of children y Especially true during early stages of development y Directly influence both by who they are an through daytoday interaction y Exert indirect control over much of their childrens environment Family StructureThe number marital status sex sexual orientation and age of a childs parentfigures help shape the child y Children who grow up in twoparent families oneparent families step families and samesex parents have different socializing experiencesResearchers have used a variety of criteria to determine their wellbeing These include school performance and plans for higher education level of delinquency early first sexual experience and teen parenthood risk of later divorce and relationship with parents y On average children living with both biological parents married to each other do best with adoptees with married parents second y Children have more difficulties if they grow up with nevermarried divorced or remarried parents y Children in cohabiting families where either both parents are biological or one is a stepparent also tend to have more problems y Children with lesbian families do at least as well as those in singleparent familiesbut not more likely to be homosexual y What Accounts for Differences in Child WellBeing y No single explanation accounts for difference among families y Singleparenthood risk factors for children include economic hardship exposure to stress conflict between parents poor parenting quality and lack of contact with nonresidential fathers y Boys are more vulnerable to life changes y Children who experience severe conflict between their parents also fare poorlytrue for married biological families cohabiting and stepfamilies y Children often do better once highconflict parents separate y Quality of parenting conflict levels and partly to mothers psychological health affects childrens wellbeing Due to lack of social script nonbiological parents may have difficulties with discipline y Adoptive parents are perceived as somehow not as genuine y Some are strict and authoritarian because they try to be extra good parents y Others are permissive or sometimes inconsistent because they fear losing their childs love
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